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Postwar Departures and Reversions in Mid-1950s Japan: Chongryon, Okinawa, and ‘Bloody Sunagawa’

  • Kenji Hasegawa
Chapter
Part of the New Directions in East Asian History book series (NDEAH)

Abstract

Previous scholarship on social movements in the 1950s have been influenced by a progressive view of the decade, stressing the developments that occurred in the second half. This perspective has been overly influenced by the teleological pull of the 1960 Anpo protests and is confined within the boundaries of the postwar homogeneous nation, losing sight of the shifting spatial and temporal boundaries of ‘postwar Japan.’ This chapter offers an alternative perspective by examining key departures and reversions in the mid-1950s forming the backdrop to the Sunagawa protests of 1956. The first is the departure of the zainichi Koreans from the JCP and later from Japan itself. The second is Okinawa’s mainland reversion movement. The third is Zengakuren students’ departure from the JCP’s orbit and from the early postwar intellectualism under the shadow of World War II. The concluding section discusses how this last departure was linked to the striking national embrace of the statement ‘The postwar has ended’ in the form of mainland Japan’s modern reversion.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenji Hasegawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Yokohama National UniversityYokohamaJapan

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