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Role of Remote Sensing and GIS in Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)

  • S. K. Sharma
Chapter

Abstract

Remote sensing and geographic information system have long been recognized as versatile tools, to addressing sustainability issues connected with the development and management of groundwater. Applications of these in targeting groundwater in India have also come of age in as much as it has contributed to production and use of satellite imagery-based groundwater prospect maps. These maps, popularly known as hydro-geomorphological maps, are being used in managing drinking water sources and water supply schemes. This paper outlines the current state of the art of aquifer detection keys of use in setting up drinking water supply bore wells, rainwater harvesting, and groundwater recharging structures toward providing sustainability to drinking water sources. This also reviews the role of remote sensing in the Government of India that sponsored ongoing integrated watershed development programs in various states. The paper also focuses on the general lack of skill on the part of planners and application engineers and scientists in the fruitful application and use of imagery-driven maps in water supply schemes. It may be worthy of its mention that images draped over digital elevation models provide exclusive imagery-driven products of use in groundwater and watershed development programs in various states of India. The land use-land cover, soil, and automated drainage delineations provide instant input to hydrologic models in estimating water and silt yield. The need to develop skill of engineers and planners engaged in the use of satellite imagery data and hydro-geomorphological maps to developing groundwater-based water supplies and integrated water management programs is an inescapable necessity for the successful implementation of water supply- and watershed-related schemes and programs in India. In recognition of this need, some recent training workshops have encouraged the use of satellite-based techniques in locating drinking water sources and strengthening of recharge systems in India.

Keywords

Remote sensing Geography information system Groundwater Hydro-geomorphological maps Integrated water resources management 

Abbreviations

ASTER

Advanced spaceborne thermal emission and reflectance radiometer

CGWB

Central Ground Water Board

CIR

Color infrared imagery

DEM

Digital elevation model

FCC

False color composite

GIS

Geographic information system

GOI

Govt. of India

GSI

Geological survey of India

HGM

Hydro-geomorphological map

IRS

Indian remote sensing satellite

IWF

India Water Foundation

IWRM

Integrated water resources management

LISS

Linear imaging self-scanning system

Lpm

Liters per minute

NRDWS

National rural deportment of water supply

NRSA

National Remote Sensing Agency

PHED

Public Health and Engineering Department

RS

Remote sensing

SRTM

Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission

TIR

Thermal infrared imagery

TM

Thematic mapper

References

  1. Chase ME (1969) Airborne remote sensing for groundwater studies in prairie environment. Can J Earth Sci 6:737–741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Meijrink AMJ (1994) Application of remote sensing and geographic information systems, Netherlands hydrogeological research in international cooperation (Proceedings of the meeting in Delft, The Netherlands)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Government of IndiaNew DelhiIndia

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