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Brain Reward Circuit and Pain

  • Moe Watanabe
  • Minoru Narita
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1099)

Abstract

Pain plays an important role in alerting the body to potential tissue injury and drives behavior that protects the body from further harm. In contrast, chronic pain does not serve this function and instead only provides a persistent sensation of pain and a negative experience. The mesolimbic dopaminergic system has been recognized to play a central role in motivated behaviors, including various types of reward and pleasure. Many dopaminergic neurons may release multiple neurotransmitters, and the physiological role of the co-release of these transmitters has been revealed incrementally. However, it was not yet clear whether the mesolimbic dopaminergic system and small molecules released in the nucleus accumbens (N.Acc.), the input region of mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons, are involved in pain modulation. Recently, we revealed that the mesolimbic dopaminergic system and small molecules released in the N.Acc. could contribute to pain modulation. In this review, we provide an overview of the relationship between pain and the brain reward circuit using a combination of optogenetics, electrophysiology, and in vivo microdialysis/mass spectrometry integrated system.

Keywords

Dopamine Ventral tegmental area Nucleus accumbens Morphine 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by MEXT-Supported Program for the Strategic Research Foundation at Private Universities No.S1411019.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyHoshi University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical SciencesTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Life Science Tokyo Advanced Research Center (L-StaR)Hoshi University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical SciencesTokyoJapan

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