Little’s Formula and Parking Behaviors

  • Saburo SaitoEmail author
  • Kosuke Yamashiro
  • Masakuni Iwami
  • Mamoru Imanishi
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 19)


Many local cities in Japan now are facing the critical problem of managing car parking to alleviate traffic congestion occurred chronically at weekends in their city center commercial area. The crucial point, we believe, to make matters worse for solving the problem is that planners at local cities seem to have no means to assess whether or not parking lots are insufficient and if so, how many parking lots they actually need. Taking up the actual instance of city center retail environment of Fukuoka City and conducting the interview survey of parking behaviors of consumers who visit there by automobile, the purpose of this paper is to address the problem to show a simple method to determine how much capacity the parking space must need at the city center by using Little’s formula with taking into account the distinctive feature of consumers’ parking behaviors at city center retail district.


Little’s formula Parking space City center retail district Consumer behavior 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saburo Saito
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kosuke Yamashiro
    • 3
  • Masakuni Iwami
    • 2
  • Mamoru Imanishi
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsFukuoka UniversityFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Fukuoka University Institute of Quantitative Behavioral Informatics for City and Space Economy (FQBIC)FukuokaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Business and EconomicsNippon Bunri UniversityOita CityJapan

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