Advertisement

Nature and Extent of a Father’s Involvement: Research Evidence from Western India

  • Rajalakshmi SriramEmail author
  • Antra Verma
  • Shaffaq Mattu
  • Gurpreet Sandhu
  • Amrita Singh
Chapter

Abstract

In this article the author attempts to explore what fathers do for their children. The chapter draws its data from a sample of urban Hindu middle-class Gujarati families from Baroda city, based on a series of eight studies, conducted between the years 2001 and 2008, and some recent data from published works of fathering in Mumbai, Rajasthan and Kashmir. The predominant sample is from families with school-going children. The data are integrated to illuminate the extent of a father’s involvement and what fathers do in their endeavour to provide for their children and create opportunities for them, nurture and guide them, and establish strong relationships with them. The paper pays attention to the father’s reasons for involvement, their level of satisfaction and the emotions that emerge during the process of fathering. The authors make an attempt to look at any existing variations based on family type, gender and age of children. The paper concludes by highlighting the patterns of a father’s involvement in an urban context, highlighting a father’s contributions to his children’s lives.

Keywords

Indian fathers Father’s involvement Parenting in India Gujarati families Father’s emotions 

References

  1. Chaudhary, N. (2013). The fathers role in Indian family. In B. S. D. Shwalb (Ed.), Fathers in cultural context (pp. 68–94). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Dienhart, A. (1998). Reshaping fatherhood: The social construction of shared parenting. New Delhi: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. India Census. (2017, February 16). Vadodara city census 2011 data. Retrieved from census 2011: http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/338-vadodara.html
  4. Jajwa, M. (2005). Father involvement in commitment, stewardship and enhancing achievements: Understanding difficulties and barriers. Unpublished master’s thesis, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Baroda, India.Google Scholar
  5. Kakar, S. (1979). The inner world: A psychoanalytic study of childhood and society in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Karnik, R. (2002). Social Construction of fatherhood: View from within families. Unpublished masters’ thesis, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Gujarat, India.Google Scholar
  7. Kakar, S. (2007). The Indians: Portrait of a people. New Delhi: Viking.Google Scholar
  8. Kharkhanis, N. (2005). Indian fathers as carers, nurturers: Struggling with obstacles. Unpublished master’s thesis, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, India.Google Scholar
  9. Krishna, A, & Sriram, R. (2000, July). Demystifying fatherhood in Indian context. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavior and Development, Beijing, China.Google Scholar
  10. Kumari, A. (2008). Father involvement: As children view it. Unpublished master’s thesis, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Baroda, India.Google Scholar
  11. Lacey, A., & Luff, D. (2001). Trent focus for research and development in primary health care: An introduction to qualitative analysis. Trent Focus. Retrieved February 20, 2002, from http://www.trentfocus.org.uk/Resources/EPI-Info
  12. Lewis, C., & Lamb, M. E. (2004). Fathers: The research perspective. In supporting fathers, contributions from the international fatherhood summit-2003. Journal of Early Childhood Development: Practice and Reflections, 20, 44–77.Google Scholar
  13. Manhas, S., & Devi, P. (2016). Fathering preschoolers and adolescents: A comparative analysis of father-child relationship. International Journal of Home Scince, 2(2), 208–212.Google Scholar
  14. Mathur, M., & Mathur, M. (2006). Between fathers and children. Unpublished master’s thesis, Department of Human Development, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India.Google Scholar
  15. Mattu, S. (2001). Fathers’ beliefs and practices about fathering: A study of Gujarati Hindu nuclear families. Unpublished master’s thesis, The Maharaja Sayajirao University, Baroda, India.Google Scholar
  16. Miles, M. D., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  17. Mishler, E. G. (1986). Research interviewing: Context and narrative. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Palkovitz, R. (1997). Reconstructing “involvement”: Expanding conceptualizations of men’s caring in contemporary families. In A. J. Hawkins & D. C. Dollahite (Eds.), Generative fathering: Beyond deficit perspectives (pp. 200–216). New Delhi: Sage International.Google Scholar
  19. Pope, C., Ziebland, S., & Mays, N. (2000). Qualitative research in health care: Analysing qualitative data. British Medical Journal, 320, 114–116. Retrieved February 20, 2002, from http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/320/7227/114 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Roopnarine, J. L., & Suppal, P. (2003). Kakar’s psychoanalytic interpretation of childhood: The need to emphasize the father and multiple caregivers in the socialization equation. In D. Sharma (Ed.), Childhood, family and socio-cultural change in India: Reinterpreting the inner world (pp. 115–137). New Delhi: Oxford.Google Scholar
  21. Roopnarine, J. L., Krishnakumar, A., & Vadgama, K. (2013). Indian fathers: Family dynamics and investment patterns. Psychology and Developing Societies, 25(2), 223–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sandhu, K. (2001). Demystifying fatherhood: Variation with ages of children. Unpublished master’s thesis, The Maharaja Sayajirao University, Baroda, Gujarat, India.Google Scholar
  23. Sandhu, G. (2008). Father involvement in supporting children’s achievement in the context of co-parenting. Unpublished master’s dissertation, Department of Human Development and Family studies, The M.S.University of Baroda, Baroda.Google Scholar
  24. Saraff, A. (2010, June 17–18). Culture and conduct of fatherhood in India: Are they in synchrony? Paper presented at the international conference on fatherhood in the 21st century Asia: Research, interventions, and policies, Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore.Google Scholar
  25. Saraff, A., & Srivastava, H. C. (2008). Envisioning fatherhood: Indian fathers’ perceptions of an ideal father. Population Review, 47(1), 41–55.Google Scholar
  26. Saraff, A. S., & Srivastava, H. C. (2010). Pattern and determinants of paternal involvement in in childcare: An empirical investigation in a metropolis of India. Population Research and Policy Review, 29, 249–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Shukla, A. (1998). Father’s role in child care: Knowledge, beliefs and practices. Unpublished master’s thesis, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Baroda, India.Google Scholar
  28. Sriram, R. (2003). Subjective experiences of fatherhood and motherhood: Realities and reflections. Unpublished PhD dissertation, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, India.Google Scholar
  29. Unknown. (2017, February 10). Fathers day poems – Poem for father. Retrieved from Indian child.com: http://www.indianchild.com/fathers_day_poems.htm

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajalakshmi Sriram
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antra Verma
    • 2
  • Shaffaq Mattu
    • 3
  • Gurpreet Sandhu
    • 4
  • Amrita Singh
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Human Development and Family StudiesM.S. University of BarodaVadodaraIndia
  2. 2.Practicing Child CounsellorNoida, Uttar PradeshIndia
  3. 3.Bubbles Day Care and Play SchoolsSrinagarIndia
  4. 4.Independent Schools CanberraCanberraAustralia
  5. 5.ATOS IndiaPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations