Comparison of Innovator Companies in Japan, Germany, the USA, and Korea

  • Young Won ParkEmail author
  • Paul Hong


In this chapter, we review the innovator companies in Japan, Germany, the USA, and Korea and present key conditions for fostering their longevity. In particular, we compare Japan and Germany, which have a high proportion of prominent SMEs.


  1. Anthony, S.D., S.P. Viguerie, E.I. Schwartz, and J.V. Landeghem. 2018. Corporate longevity forecast: Creative destruction is accelerating. Innosight.
  2. Hosoya, Y. 2014. Global niche top firms. Tokyo: Hakutou (In Japanse).Google Scholar
  3. Kennedy, K., and M. Moore. 2003. Going the distance: Why some companies dominate and others fail. Upper Saddle River, NJ: FT Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  4. Kenyon-Rouvinez, Denise, and John L. Ward. 2005. Family business. UK: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ko, Young-gun. 2017. There are only nine century-old companies in Korea, to pursue longevity, they need to learn leadership, Dong-A Business Review 230.Google Scholar
  6. KOG Media. 2018. Silicon Valley (1). Kog News, February 21 (In Korean).Google Scholar
  7. Lee, D. 2018. Becoming a longevity enterprise for a family business is as difficult as “a mere picking up a star and bring it down to earth” in the sky, Koresob. ( (In Korean).
  8. Park, Y.W., T. Amano, and G. Moon. 2012. Benchmarking Open and Cluster Innovation: Case of Korea. Benchmarking: An International Journal 19 (4/5): 517–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Pinola, Melanie. 2011. Work smarter and more easily by “sharpening your axe”. Lifehacker, Accessed May 09, 2018.
  10. Saxenian, Analee. 1991. The Origins and Dynamics of Production Networks in Silicon Valley. Research Policy 20: 423–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Saxenian, AnnaLee. 1994. Regional advantage: Culture and competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Silicon Community Foundation (2018).  Silicon Valley Competitiveness and Innovation Project- 2018 Update.  pp. 1–25. SVCIP.Google Scholar
  13. The Build Network. 2013. You cannot solve what you don’t understand. Inc., Accessed July 01, 2018.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsSaitama UniversitySaitamaJapan
  2. 2.College of Business InnovationUniversity of ToledoToledoUSA

Personalised recommendations