The Standard Atmosphere

  • Mrinal Kaushik


The aerodynamic forces and moments that act upon an airborne vehicle are functions of the pressure, temperature, and density of the surrounding air at that altitude. To provide an accurate prediction of aircraft performance, it is vital to measure these thermodynamic properties precisely. Thus, before discussing the aerodynamic aspects associated with an airborne vehicle, it is essential to have a basic understanding of the atmosphere in which the vehicle is flying. In this chapter, we will study the various characteristics and phenomena associated to the earth’s atmosphere.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Aerospace EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia

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