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The 1922 Japanese Health Insurance Law: Toward a Corporatist Framework

  • Yoneyuki Sugita
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter addresses two research questions: (1) Why did Japanese Health Insurance, Japan’s first social insurance, come into being in the 1920s? and (2) what were the implications of this development? My hypotheses are that (A) Japan’s status in the world after World War I affected Japan’s domestic labor policy; and (B) the Japanese government sought to establish a more organized healthcare system through a health insurance corporatist framework consisting of the government as a coordinator, big business, and the Japan Medical Association as a specialized interest group. This chapter explains the relationship between the government and major corporations, emphasizing the role that the corporate health insurance associations play in the Health Insurance corporatist system.

Keywords

Government-Managed Health Insurance Association-Managed Health Insurance Health Insurance Law Corporatist framework International Labour Organization (ILO) Washington System Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce Private mutual aid association Public mutual aid association Kenseikai Government subsidy Corporate health insurance association 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Osaka UniversityOsakaJapan

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