Tracheal and/or bronchial rupture occurs in severe chest injuries or crush injuries. With more and more traffic accidents in recent years, closed tracheal and bronchial ruptures have become more common and one of the reasons for early death after chest trauma. Tracheal and main bronchial rupture occurs mainly in closed and opened trauma of the neck and chest. Of the 200 cases of closed tracheal and main bronchial rupture found in the reported literature, the mortality rate was 30%, and more than half of those deaths were within 1 h after injury. With the increase in vehicle trauma, this type of damage has become more common. Tracheal rupture itself is not the direct cause of death, but the tracheal rupture is generally accompanied by peripheral vascular and tissue damage, which easily leads to suffocation by clotting or foreign matter inhalation in the ruptured trachea. Mediastinum emphysema is secondary to rupture, and the increasing emphysema pressure can compress the airway, leading to tracheal stenosis. If these patients are not treated in time, they will die from hypoxia.
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