Vocationalisation of English Studies in India: A Critique
The failure of the conventional degree programmes to meet the expectations of employers led the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India to launch the scheme of vocationalisation of degree-level education in 1994–1995. The UGC introduced a vocational course named Functional English in some of the undergraduate colleges in the country. The scheme was revised later with the introduction of add-on courses like career-oriented courses in English. The vocationalisation of English Studies in India being one of the less discussed issues, this article critically evaluates its two phases and throws some light on its poor implementation in Indian universities.
KeywordsEnglish studies Indian universities Vocationalisation Functional English
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