ICTMI 2017 pp 215-224 | Cite as

Challenges in the Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity—An Imaging and Instrumentation Perspective

  • J. Mary Annie Sujitha
  • Priya Rani
  • E. R. Rajkumar
  • P. ArulmozhivarmanEmail author
Conference paper


Among the prime causes of blindness, Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) tops the chart. Technical advancements in nurturing the neonates have been witnessing tremendous positivity in the diagnosis and treatment of neonates. Ophthalmologic diagnosis points to binocular indirect ophthalmoscope (BIO) since the beginning, but newbie technologies of wide-field digital imaging have been showing promising results to switch over from traditional diagnostic methods. In this paper, we review the technological evolution of diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity, interesting findings of cohort studies carried out across the globe and the areas where limelight has to be thrown for a commoner to understand the aspects of both medical and engineering domains and the corresponding studies going on behind the screen of biomedical engineering and instrumentation.


Retinopathy of Prematurity Binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy RetCam Vessel segmentation Tortuosity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Mary Annie Sujitha
    • 1
  • Priya Rani
    • 2
  • E. R. Rajkumar
    • 3
  • P. Arulmozhivarman
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Electronics EngineeringVIT UniversityVelloreIndia
  2. 2.School of Electrical and Computer EngineeringRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Robert BoschBangloreIndia

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