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Treatment and Recycling of Wastewater from Distillery

  • Soni Tiwari
  • Rajeeva Gaur
Chapter
Part of the Applied Environmental Science and Engineering for a Sustainable Future book series (AESE)

Abstract

Indian distilleries are using sugarcane molasses for ethanol production and generate large bulk of effluent containing high biological oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) along with melanoidin pigment. Melanoidin is a dark brown recalcitrant high molecular weight colour compound that causes several toxic effects on living system, therefore, must be treated before disposal. Detoxification/decolourization of different industrial wastewater is gaining importance for environmental safty and aesthetic values. Studies dealing with pure culture of bacteria, fungi, and yeast and their oxidative enzymes (peroxidase, laccase) in decolourization of industrial wastewater to develop a better understanding of the phenomenon of microbial decolourization. This chapter presents an overview of the characteristics of the distillery wastewater in terms of its toxicity and its biological treatment using microbial consortia system.

Keywords

Distillery spentwash Millard reaction Xenobiotics Melanoidin Molasses 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soni Tiwari
    • 1
  • Rajeeva Gaur
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology (Centre of Excellence)Dr. Rammanohar Lohia Avadh UniversityFaizabadIndia

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