Advertisement

Ocular Chemical Burns

  • Weiyun Shi
  • Ting Wang
Chapter
Part of the Ocular Trauma book series (OCTRA)

Abstract

Ocular chemical burn is a serious emergency in the eye, usually caused by acid or alkali. Ocular chemical burns can cause acute vision loss and severe and permanent tissue damage; even after repairing and healing, there will be many complications, such as symblepharon, which will also greatly affect the appearance. This chapter includes five cases with brief descriptions, illustrating figures and personal tips and tricks, aiming to providing a guide about diagnosis and management of ocular chemical burns.

Keywords

Ocular chemical burns Amniotic membrane transplantation Keratoplasty Symblepharon 

References

  1. 1.
    Rudinskaia GM. Chemical and thermal injuries of the eye (burns). Fel′dsher I Akusherka. 1971;36(3):38.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wagoner MD. Chemical injuries of the eye: current concepts in pathophysiology and therapy. Surv Ophthalmol. 1997;41(4):275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Merle H, Gérard M, Schrage N. Ocular burns. J Francais d’Ophtalmologie. 2008;31(7):723–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kuckelkorn R, et al. Retrospective study of severe alkali burns of the eyes. In: Proceedings. Distributed applications and interoperable systems, Ifip Wg 6.1 international conference, Dais 2009, Lisbon, 9–11 June 2009. 1993.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kuckelkorn R, et al. Emergency treatment of chemical and thermal eye burns. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 2002;80(1):4–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Paterson CA, Pfister RR, Levinson RA. Aqueous humor pH changes after experimental alkali burns. Am J Ophthalmol. 1975;79(3):414–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kuckelkorn R, Kottek A, Reim M. Intraocular complications after severe chemical burns—incidence and surgical treatment. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd. 1994;205(2):86–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shi W. Corneal surgery. Beijing: People’s Medical Publishing House; 2012.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weiyun Shi
    • 1
  • Ting Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Shandong Eye Hospital, Shandong Eye InstituteJinanChina

Personalised recommendations