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Circular RNAs pp 119-130 | Cite as

Circular RNAs in Blood

  • Angela Vea
  • Vicenta Llorente-Cortes
  • David de Gonzalo-Calvo
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1087)

Abstract

Recent advances in RNA sequencing and bioinformatic analysis have allowed the development of a new research field: circular RNAs (circRNAs). These members of the non-coding transcriptome are generated by backsplicing, which results in a covalently closed, single-stranded RNA molecule. To date, thousands of circRNAs have been identified in different human cell types. CircRNAs are evolutionarily conserved, highly stable, cell-/developmental stage-specific and have longer half-lives compared with linear RNAs. Interestingly, different studies have demonstrated that circRNAs are abundantly expressed in the bloodstream. In this chapter, we review the current knowledge of circRNA biology in blood cells and the cell-free compartment, including extracellular vesicles. The potential clinical application of blood circRNAs in the biomarker and therapy fields is also discussed. Finally, perspectives for future studies are proposed.

Keywords

Circular RNA Blood Serum Plasma Extracellular vesicles 

Notes

Acknowledgements

DdG-C was a recipient of Juan de la Cierva-Incorporación grants from the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (IJCI-2016-29393). CIBER Cardiovascular (CB16/11/00403 to DdG-C and VL-C) is a project of the Instituto de Salud Carlos III.

VLl-C and DdG-C are members of the CardiolincTM network.

Competing Financial Interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Vea
    • 1
  • Vicenta Llorente-Cortes
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • David de Gonzalo-Calvo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau (IIB Sant Pau)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Institute of Biomedical Research of Barcelona (IIBB) – Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)BarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.CIBERCVInstitute of Health Carlos IIIMadridSpain

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