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Patient-Specific Surgical Guidance System for Intelligent Orthopaedics

  • Manuela Kunz
  • John F. Rudan
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1093)

Abstract

Clinical benefits for image-guided orthopaedic surgical systems are often measured in improved accuracy and precision of tool trajectories, prosthesis component positions and/or reduction of revision rate. However, with an ever-increasing demand for orthopaedic procedures, especially joint replacements, the ability to increase the number of surgeries, as well as lowering the costs per surgery, is generating a similar interest in the evaluation of image-guided orthopaedic systems. Patient-specific instrument guidance has recently gained popularity in various orthopaedic applications. Studies have shown that these guides are comparable to traditional image-guided systems with respect to accuracy and precision of the navigation of tool trajectories and/or prosthesis component positioning. Additionally, reports have shown that these single-use instruments also improve operating room management and reduce surgical time and costs. In this chapter, we discuss how patient-specific instrument guidance provides benefits to patients as well as to the health-care community for various orthopaedic applications.

Keywords

Patient-specific instrument guidance Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) Cartilage defect repair Planning 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada

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