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Biological Control of Culex quinquefasciatus Say, 1823 (Diptera: Culicidae), the Ubiquitous Vector for Lymphatic Filariasis: A Review

  • B. Reddya Naik
Chapter

Abstract

Culex quinquefasciatus Say is the most annoying and important vector of human lymphatic filariasis. It is one of the most widespread mosquitoes in the world that prefers to breed generally in polluted water such as sewage drains, septic tanks, cesspits, cesspools, etc. Infection to man occurs when an infected Cx. quinquefasciatus bites, and in the process transmits filarial parasites. Notwithstanding the fact that lymphatic filariasis is controllable in humans through mass drug administration (MDA) of diethylcarbamazine citrate (DEC), alone or in combination with albendazole (Alb), vector control is considered to play a pivotal role in breaking down the host-parasite link to arrest the spread of lymphatic filariasis. The major stumbling block in this process is however that Cx. quinquefasciatus has in recent times developed multiple and cross-resistance to various insecticides including organochlorines, organophosphates, carbamates, and even pyrethroids. Thus, biological control method has emerged the best alternative to these synthetic insecticides and offers great promise in abating the vector population below recognized threshold levels.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Reddya Naik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology, University College of ScienceOsmania UniversityHyderabadIndia

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