Identification and Mapping of Breeding Habitats of the Filariasis Vector, Culex quinquefasciatus Say, 1823, Using Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies: A Case Study from the Endemic Tamil Nadu State, India
Mosquitoes act as a vector to transmit the life threatening diseases to humans. Mosquito control and management practice have played an essential role in the significant reduction of mosquito-borne diseases. The present study is focusing on the mapping of filariasis vector surveillance in urban environment (Tiruchirappalli City Corporation) and forest environment (Sitheri Hills) using remote sensing and GIS techniques. The study in urban environment reveals that the presences of risk occurrence of diseases like malaria, chikungunya and dengue. At Sitheri Hills the highest number of mosquito species was observed due to the presence of more number of mosquito breeding sites. Moreover, spatial analysis and entomological study results show that the people were affected by lymphatic filariasis. Therefore, the study concludes that the monitoring and controlling of filariasis vector are needed to solve public health problems.
The authors gratefully acknowledge the help rendered by the Tribal Health Division, Sitheri Hills, Tamil Nadu. They also express their gratitude to the Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, for providing financial support to carry out this important piece of research.
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