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Bioecology, Insecticide Susceptibility and Management of Culex quinquefasciatus Say, 1823: A Major Vector of Lymphatic Filariasis in India

  • Reji Gopalakrishnan
  • Vijay Veer
Chapter

Abstract

Culex quinquefasciatus is the most common mosquito species in urban and rural India, which is primarily responsible for biting nuisance. It is a major vector of lymphatic filariasis in India and is known to be associated with the transmission of Japanese encephalitis virus. It is a known vector of arboviral diseases such as West Nile fever and Rift Valley fever. Cx. quinquefasciatus belongs to Cx. pipiens species complex. It breeds on a variety of sites including wastewater drains, ditches, pools, paddy fields and water-filled containers. This species is reportedly resistant to insecticides such as DDT and malathion which makes chemical control of the vector population difficult. The present chapter reviews the taxonomy, distribution, biology, biting activity, vector competence, insecticide resistance and management aspects of this important vector species in India. The efficacy personal protective measures in reducing biting nuisance and disease transmission are discussed, along with the continued need for novel and more effective control strategies.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reji Gopalakrishnan
    • 1
  • Vijay Veer
    • 1
  1. 1.Defence Research Laboratory (Defence Research & Development Organisation)TezpurIndia

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