• Lena Redman


This chapter draws together ‘the ripples’ discussed throughout the book and provides a consolidated overview of the proposed Ripple pedagogy. Following the instrumentality of the Ripple model, this chapter oscillates back to the outset of the argument as a reminder of why pedagogical innovations are urgently necessary and why the current educational trends may prove themselves invalid in an ever-changing world. The Ripple model suggests a system of knowledge-construction based on the discovery and development of the individual’s intrinsic potential, and acting upon personal agency, reconnecting this potential with the natural and sociocultural environments of the learner. Learning through the equilibration of the internal milieu within the medium of existence is proposed as a life-savvy development, more essential in the rapidly changing world the than standardised, technological acquisition of knowledge.


  1. Bunge, M. (2003). Emergence and Convergence: Qualitative Novelty and the Unity of Knowledge [Kindle Version]. Toronto University Press. Retrieved from:
  2. Kohn, A. (1992). No Contest: The Case Against Competition by Alfie Kohn [Kindle Version]. Houghton Mifflin. Retrieved from:
  3. Leonhard, G. (2016). Technology vs. Humanity: The Coming Clash Between Man and Machine [Kindle Version]. Fast Future Publishing Ltd. Retrieved from:
  4. Lévi Strauss, C. (1962). The Savage Mind. G. Weidenfield (Trans.). University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  5. Manovich, L. (2013). The Software Takes Command: International Text in Critical Media Aesthetics [Kindle Version]. Bloomsbury Academic. Retrieved from:
  6. Maturana, H. (2014). The Knowledge of Knowledge Entails Responsibility. In B. Poerksen [Interviewer], The Certainty of Uncertainty: Dialogues Introducing Constructivism [Kindle Version]. A. R. Koeck & W. K. Koeck (Trans.). Imprint Academic. Retrieved from:
  7. Maturana, H. R., & Varela, F. J. (1998). The Tree of Knowledge: The Biological Roots of Human Understanding (Revised Edition). Boulder, CO: Shambhala.Google Scholar
  8. McCrory, P. (2013). NC Gov. Pat McCrory on Bill Bennett’s Morning in America National Radio Show [Youtube Video]. Retrieved 12 February 2018 from:
  9. McLuhan, M., & Fiore, Q. (1967/2001). The Medium Is the Message. Berkeley, CA: Gingko Press.Google Scholar
  10. Nussbaum, M. C. (2016). Not for Profit: Why Democracy Needs the Humanities (The Public Square) [Kindle Version]. Princeton University Press. Retrieved from:
  11. Piaget, J. (1950). The Psychology of Intelligence [Kindle Version, 2003]. M. Piercy & D. E. Berlyne (Trans.). Routledge: Taylor and Francis e-Library. Retrieved from:
  12. Poerksen, B. (2004). The Certainty of Uncertainty [Kindle Version]. A. R. Koeck & W. K. Koeck (Trans.). Exeter: Imprint Academic. Retrieved from:
  13. Prigogine, I. (1997). The End of Certainty. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  14. Putin, V. (September, 2017). The Verge [Website Article]. Retrieved 5 October 2017 from:
  15. Scott, R. (2011). Rick Scott to Liberal Arts Majors: Drop Dead [Website Article by A. Weinstein]. Mother Jones. Retrieved 9 October 2017 from:
  16. Wiener, N. (1988). The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society [Kindle Version]. Da Capo Press. Retrieved from:

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lena Redman
    • 1
  1. 1.Monash UniversityMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations