Advertisement

Thermal Dynamics of Growing Bubble and Heat Transfer in Microgravity Pool Boiling

  • Wangfang Du
  • Jianfu ZhaoEmail author
  • Huixiong Li
  • Yonghai Zhang
  • Jinjia Wei
  • Kai Li
Chapter
Part of the Research for Development book series (REDE)

Abstract

Boiling heat transfer realizes the high-performance heat exchange due to latent heat transportation, and then there are extensive industrial applications on Earth and many potential applications in space. Microgravity experiments offer a unique opportunity to study the complex interactions without external forces, and can also provide a means to study the actual influence of gravity on the pool boiling by comparing the results obtained from microgravity experiments with their counterparts in normal gravity. It will be conductive to revealing of the mechanism underlying the phenomenon, and then developing of more mechanistic models for the related applications both on Earth and in space. The present chapter summarize the up-to-date progress on the understanding of pool boiling phenomenon based on the knowledge obtained from microgravity experiments, focusing particularly on the thermal dynamics of growing bubble and heat transfer in microgravity pool boiling. The gravity scaling behavior, as well as the passive enhancement of heat transfer performance of nucleate pool boiling on flat plates by using micro-pin-finned surface, is presented and discussed in detail. Based on the outcome of the current trends in pool boiling research, some recommendations for future work are also proposed.

Keywords

Microgravity Pool boiling Bubble dynamics Heat transfer Gravity scaling law 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The studies presented here were supported financially by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1738105, 11802314, 11672311, 11372327, 11402273, 10972225, 10432060, 51636006, 51611130060), and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (QYZDY-SSW-JSC040, XDA04020404, XDA04020202-04).

References

  1. 1.
    Straub J (2001) Boiling heat transfer and bubble dynamics in microgravity. Adv Heat Transf 35:57–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Di Marco P (2003) Review of reduced gravity boiling heat transfer, European research. J Jpn Microgravity Appl 20(4):252–263Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ohta H (2003) Review of reduced gravity boiling heat transfer: Japanese research. J Jpn Soc Microgravity Appl 20(4):272–285Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kim J (2003) Review of reduced gravity boiling heat transfer, US research. J Jpn Microgravity Appl 20(4):264–271Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kim J (2009) Review of nucleate pool boiling bubble heat transfer mechanisms. Int J Multiphase Flow 35:1067–1076CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhao JF (2010) Two-phase flow and pool boiling heat transfer in microgravity. Int J Multiphase Flow 36(2):135–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nukiyama S (1934) Maximum and minimum values of heat transmitted from metal to boiling water under atmospheric pressure, JSME J 37:367. See also: Int J Heat Mass Transf 9(12):1419 (1966); 27(7):959 (1984)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Carey VP (2008) Liquid vapor phase change phenomena. Taylor & Francis Group, New York, USAGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bankoff SG (1958) Entrapment of gas in the spreading of liquid over a rough surface. AIChE J 4:24–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Griffith P, Wallis JD (1960) The role of surface conditions in nucleate boiling. Chem Eng Prog Symp Ser 56(30):49–63Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hsu YY, Graham RW (1961) An analytical and experimental study of the thermal boundary layer and ebullition cycle in nucleate boiling, NASA TND-594. NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH, USAGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hsu YY (1962) On the size range of active nucleation cavities in a heating surface. Trans ASME J Heat Transf 84:207–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Davis EJ, Anderson GH (1966) The incipience of nucleate boiling in forced convection flow. AIChE J 12(4):774–780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bergles AE, Rohsenow WM (1964) The determination forced-convection surface boiling heat transfer. J Heat Transf 86:365–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sato T, Matsumura H (1964) On the condition of incipient subcooled boiling with forced convection. Bull JSME 7(26):392–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang CH, Dhir VK (1993) Effect of surface wettability on active nucleation site density during pool boiling of saturated water. J Heat Transf 115:659–669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhao JF, Wan SX, Liu G, Yan N, Hu WR (2009) Subcooling pool boiling on thin wire in microgravity. Acta Astronaut 64(2–3):188–194ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhao JF, Li J, Yan N, Wang SF (2009) Bubble behavior and heat transfer in quasi-steady pool boiling in microgravity. Microgravity Sci Tech 21(S1):S175–S183ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhang L, Li ZD, Li K, Li HX, Zhao JF (2014) Influence of heater thermal capacity on pool boiling heat transfer. J Comput Multiphase Flows 6(4):361–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhang L, Li ZD, Li K, Li HX, Zhao JF (2015) Influence of heater thermal capacity on bubble dynamics and heat transfer in nucleate pool boiling. Appl Therm Eng 88:118–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li ZD, Zhang L, Zhao JF, Li HX, Li K, Wu K (2015) Numerical simulation of bubble dynamics and heat transfer with transient thermal response of solid wall during pool boiling of FC-72. Int J Heat Mass Transf 84:409–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Scriven LE (1959) On the dynamics of bubble growth. Chem Eng Sci Genie Chim 10:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Plesset MS, Zwick SA (1954) Growth of vapor bubbles in superheated liquids. J Appl Phys 25:493–500ADSMathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Dergarabedian P (1953) The rate of growth of vapor bubbles in superheated water. ASME J Appl Mech 20:537–545Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mikic BB, Rohsenow WM, Griffith D (1970) On bubble growth rates. Int J Heat Mass Transf 13:657–666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wan SX, Zhao JF, Liu G (2009) Dynamics of discrete bubble in nucleate pool boiling on thin wires in microgravity. J Therm Sci 18(1):13–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Li J, Zhao JF, Xue YF, Wei JJ, Du WF, Guo D (2012) Experimental study on growth of an isolated bubble utilizing short-term microgravity drop tower. Chin J Space Sci 32(4):544–549Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Liu P, Wu K, Du W, Zhao JF, Li HX, Li K (2018) Experimental study on bubble behaviors in microgravity pool boiling. Chin J Space Sci 38(2):221–226Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wu K, Liu P, Du WF, Zhao JF, Li HX, Li K (2018) Heat transfer and bubble dynamical behavior during single bubble pool boiling in microgravity. In: Proceedings of the 16th international heat transfer conference (IHTC-16), 10–15 August 2018, Beijing, China, Paper no. IHTC16-22294Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Snyder NR, Edwards DK (1956) Summary of conference on bubble dynamics and boiling heat transfer. Memo 20–137, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, USA, pp 14–15Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Moore FD, Mesler RB (1961) The measurement of rapid surface temperature fluctuations during nucleate boiling of water. AIChE J 7:620–624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Cooper MG, Lloyd AJP (1969) The microlayer in nucleate pool boiling. Int J Heat Mass Transf 12:915–933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Stephan P, Hammer J (1994) A new model for nucleate boiling heat transfer. Heat Mass Transf 30:119–125Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Fischer S, Gambaryan-Roisman T, Stephan P (2015) On the development of a thin evaporating liquid film at a receding liquid/vapour-interface. Int J Heat Mass Transf 88:346–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Urbano A, Tanguy S, Huber G, Colin C (2018) Direct numerical simulation of nucleate boiling in micro-layer regime. Int J Heat Mass Transf 123:1128–1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Guion A, Afkhami S, Zaleski S, Buongiorno J (2018) Simulations of microlayer formation in nucleate boiling. Int J Heat Mass Transf 127:1271–1284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Hänsch S, Walker S (2019) Microlayer formation and depletion beneath growing steam bubbles. Int J Multiphase Flow 111:241–263MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Fritz W (1935) Maximum volume of vapor bubbles. Physik Zeitschr 36:379–384Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zhao JF, Liu G, Wan SX, Yan N (2008) Bubble dynamics in nucleate pool boiling on thin wires in microgravity. Microgravity Sci Technol 20(2):81–89ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Zhao JF, Liu G, Li ZD, Wan SX (2007) Bubble behaviors in nucleate pool boiling on thin wires in microgravity. In: 6th international conference multiphase flow, 9–13 July 2007, Leipzig, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Malenkov IG (1971) Detachment frequency as a function of size of vapor bubbles. Translated Inzh Fiz Zhur 20:99Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Siegel R, Keshock EG (1964) Effects of reduced gravity on nucleate boiling bubble dynamics in saturated water. AIChE J 10:507–517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Di Marco P, Grassi W (2000) Pool boiling in microgravity: assessed results and open issues. In: Proceedings of the 3rd European thermal sciences conferenceGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Zhao JF, Li ZD, Zhang L (2012) Numerical simulation on single bubble pool boiling in different gravity conditions. Chin J Space Sci 32(4):537–543Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Zuber N (1963) Nucleate boiling: the region of isolated bubbles and the similarity with natural convection. Int J Heat Mass Transf 6(1):53–79MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Hu WR, Zhao JF, Long M, Zhang XW, Liu QS, Hou MY, Kang Q, Wang YR, Xu SH, Kong WJ, Zhang H, Wang SF, Sun YQ, Hang HY, Huang YP, Cai WM, Zhao Y, Dai JW, Zheng HQ, Duan EK, Wang JF (2014) Space program SJ-10 of microgravity research. Microgravity Sci Technol 26:159–169ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Wu K, Li ZL, Zhao JF, Li HX, Li K (2016) Partial nucleate pool boiling at low heat flux: preliminary ground test for SOBER-SJ10. Microgravity Sci Technol 28:165–178ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Rohsenow WM (1952) A method of correlating heat transfer data for surface boiling of liquids. Trans ASME 74:969–976Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Kutateladze SS (1948) On the transition to film boiling under natural convection. Kotloturbostroenie 3:10–12Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Zuber N (1959) Hydrodynamic aspects of boiling heat transfer. PhD thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USAGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Raj R, Kim J, McQuillen J (2009) Subcooled pool boiling in variable gravity environments. J Heat Transf 131(9):09152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Raj R, Kim J, McQuillen J (2010) Gravity scaling parameter for pool boiling heat transfer. ASME Trans J Heat Transf 132(9):091502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Raj R, Kim J, McQuillen J (2012) On the scaling of pool boiling heat flux with gravity and heater size. ASME Trans J Heat Transf 134(1):0115021CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Raj R, Kim J, McQuillen J (2012) Pool boiling heat transfer on the international space station: experimental results and model verification. J Heat Transf 134:10154Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Wang XL, Zhang YH, Qi BJ, Zhao JF, Wei JJ (2016) Experimental study of the heater size effect on subcooled pool boiling heat transfer of FC-72 in microgravity. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 76:275–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Zhao JF, Wei JJ, Li HX (2017) Influences of gravity on bubble dynamics and heat transfer in nucleate pool boiling. In: Keynote lecture. 2nd international conference of interfacial phenomena & heat transfer (IPHT 2017), 7–10 July 2017, Xi’an, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Ma X, Cheng P, Gong S, Quan X (2017) Mesoscale simulations of saturated pool boiling heat transfer under microgravity conditions. Int J Heat Mass Transf 114:453–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Feng Y, Li HX, Guo KK, Zhao JF, Wang T (2018) Numerical study of single bubble growth on and departure from a horizontal superheated wall by three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann method. Microgravity Sci Technol 30(6):761–773ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Xue YF, Zhao JF, Wei JJ, Li J, Guo D, Wan SX (2011) Experimental study of nucleate pool boiling of FC-72 on smooth surface under microgravity. Microgravity Sci Technol 23(S1):S75–S85ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Lienhard JH, Dhir VK (1973) Hydrodynamic prediction of peak pool boiling heat fluxes from finite bodies. J Heat Transf 95:152–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Di Marco P, Grassi W (1999) About the scaling of critical heat flux with gravity acceleration in pool boiling. In: Proceedings of XVII UIT national heat transfer conference, Ferrara, pp 139–149Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Zhao JF, Lu YH, Du WF, Li ZD (2015) Revisit on the scaling of the critical heat flux on cylinders. Interfacial Phenomena Heat Transf 3(1):69–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Sitter JS, Snyder TJ, Chung JN, Marston PL (1998) Acoustic field interaction with a boiling system under terrestrial gravity and microgravity. J Acoust Soc Am 104:2561–2569ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Sitter JS, Snyder TJ, Chung JN, Marston PL (1998) Terrestrial and microgravity pool boiling heat transfer from a wire in an acoustic field. Int J Heat Mass Transf 41:2143–2155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Moehrle RE, Chung JN (2016) Pool boiling heat transfer driven by an acoustic standing wave in terrestrial gravity and microgravity. Int J Heat Mass Transf 93:322–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Snyder TJ, Chung JN (2000) Terrestrial and microgravity boiling heat transfer in a dielectrophoretic force field. Int J Heat Mass Transf 43(9):1547–1562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Di Marco P, Grassi W (2002) Motivation and results of a long-term research on pool boiling heat transfer in low gravity. Int J Therm Sci 41(7):567–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Di Marco P, Grassi W (2009) Effect of force fields on pool boiling flow patterns in normal and reduced gravity. Heat Mass Transf 45(7):959–966ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Di Marco P, Grassi W (2011) Effects of external electric field on pool boiling: comparison of terrestrial and microgravity data in the ARIEL experiment. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 35(5):780–787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Iacona E, Herman C, Chang SN, Liu Z (2006) Electric field effect on bubble detachment in reduced gravity environment. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 31(2):121–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Schweizer N, Di Marco P, Stephan P (2013) Investigation of wall temperature and heat flux distribution during nucleate boiling in the presence of an electric field and in variable gravity. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 44:419–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Munasinghe T (2009) Studying the characteristics of bubble motion in pool boiling in microgravity conditions under the influence of a magnetic field. In: Proceedings of the 4th international conference on recent advances in space technologies, 11–13 June 2009, Istanbul, Turkey, pp 700–703Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Wei JJ, Zhao JF, Yuan MZ, Xue YF (2009) Boiling heat transfer enhancement by using micro-pin-finned surface for electronics cooling. Microgravity Sci Technol 21(S1):S159–S173ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Wei JJ, Xue YF, Zhao JF, Li J (2011) Bubble behavior and heat transfer of nucleate pool boiling on micro-pin-finned surface in microgravity. Chin Phy Lett 28(1):016401ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Xue YF, Zhao JF, Wei JJ, Zhang YH, Qi BJ (2013) Experimental study of nucleate pool boiling of FC-72 on micro-pin-finned surface under microgravity. Int J Heat Mass Transf 63:425–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Zhang YH, Wei JJ, Xue YF, Kong X, Zhao JF (2014) Bubble dynamics in nucleate pool boiling on micro-pin-finned surfaces in microgravity. Appl Therm Eng 70:172–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Zhang YH, Zhao JF, Wei JJ, Xue YF (2017) Nucleate pool boiling heat transfer on a micro-pin-finned surface in short-term microgravity. Heat Transf Eng 38(6):594–610ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Qi BJ, Wei JJ, Wang XL, Zhao JF (2017) Influences of wake-effects on bubble dynamics by utilizing micro-pin-finned surfaces under microgravity. Appl Therm Eng 113:1332–1344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Zhang YH, Liu B, Zhao JF, Deng YP, Wei JJ (2018) Experimental study of subcooled flow boiling heat transfer on micro-pin-finned surfaces in short-term microgravity. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 97:417–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wangfang Du
    • 1
  • Jianfu Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Huixiong Li
    • 3
    • 4
  • Yonghai Zhang
    • 5
  • Jinjia Wei
    • 3
    • 5
  • Kai Li
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Microgravity (National Microgravity Laboratory/CAS), Institute of MechanicsChinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)BeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Engineering ScienceUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS)BeijingChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  4. 4.School of Energy and Power EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  5. 5.School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations