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Dominant Natural Enemies of Sugarcane Pest and Their Protection and Utilization

  • Ying-Kun Huang
  • Wen-Feng Li
  • Rong-Yue Zhang
  • Xiao-Yan Wang
Chapter

Abstract

For many years, the control and treatment of sugarcane pests in China mainly relies on highly toxic and broad-spectrum chemical pesticides, such as methamidophos and omethoate. As a result, many nontargets, natural enemy species rapid declines, the dynamic relationship between pests and their natural enemies were disrupted, and pests develop resistance, natural enemy population decreased. It alleviates the function on natural factor of controlling pests and makes the prevention and control work more passive. Moreover, the misuse of pesticides leads to pesticide residue, environment pollution, and human health harmfulness. Therefore, a new task for plant protection workers is to control the pests in a comprehensive and environmentally friendly way. In recent years, biological control has become one of the important measures in integrated pest control, and its social and ecological benefits are attracting more and more attention from the state and society (Pu 1984; Bao 1988; Pu and Li 1996; Zhou et al. 1999). The study and development of using dominant natural enemies to control the pests can get the obvious effect on increasing yield, reducing environmental pollution, maintaining ecological balance, saving energy, and cutting down production cost (Yang et al. 2006; An et al. 2009). With China’s accession to the WTO, it is becoming increasingly important to protect and utilize the natural enemies of sugarcane pests, when the implementation of the process of quality standardization of agricultural products has been continuously promoted.

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Copyright information

© China Agriculture Press and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ying-Kun Huang
    • 1
  • Wen-Feng Li
    • 1
  • Rong-Yue Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiao-Yan Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Sugarcane Research InstituteYunnan Academy of Agricultural SciencesKaiyuanChina

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