Examination of Lumbar Spine

  • S. S. Dhatt
  • S. Siva Swaminathan


The lumbosacral spine consists of 5 vertebrae in the lumbar spine, 5 vertebrae which are fused to form the sacrum and the coccyx which is a fusion of 3–5 vertebra. The lumbar spine also comprises of various supporting ligament which play an important role in the stability of spine.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. S. Dhatt
    • 1
  • S. Siva Swaminathan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of OrthopaedicsPGIMERChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of OrthopaedicsPondicherry Institute of Medical SciencesPondicherryIndia

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