Examination of Elbow

  • Devendra Kumar Chouhan
  • R. H. H Arjun
  • Prateek Behera


Elbow joint is trocho-ginglymoid joint between distal end of humerus, proximal ulna and radius. It consist of three articulation ulno-humeral, radio-humeral and proximal radio-ulnar joint. The trochoid (pivoting) components consist of the radiohumeral and proximalradioulnar joints, which allow for axial rotation of the forearm. The ginglymus (hinge) component is created by the ulnohumeral joint, allowing for flexion and extension


  1. 1.
    Peterson HA. Physeal injuries of the distal humerus. Orthopedics. 1992;15(7):799–808.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Miller TT. Imaging of elbow disorders. Orthop Clin N Am. 1999;30(1):21–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Potter HG. Imaging of posttraumatic and soft tissue dysfunction of the elbow. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000;370:9–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sofka CM, Potter HG. Imaging of elbow injuries in the child and adult athlete. Radiol Clin N Am. 2002;40(2):251–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cain EL Jr, Dugas JR, Wolf RS, Andrews JR. Elbow injuries in throwing athletes: a current concepts review. Am J Sports Med. 2003;31(4):621–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Camp J, Ishizue K, Gomez M, Gelberman R, Akeson W. Alteration of Baumann’s angle by humeral position: implications for treatment of supracondylar humerus fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 1993;13(4):521–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Omid R, Choi PD, Skaggs DL. Supracondylar humeral fractures in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008;90(5):1121–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Devendra Kumar Chouhan
    • 1
  • R. H. H Arjun
    • 2
  • Prateek Behera
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of OrthopaedicsPGIMERChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Saroja Speciality ClinicBallariIndia
  3. 3.Department of OrthopaedicsAll India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)BhopalIndia

Personalised recommendations