Beijing: From High-Tech to Business Model Innovation

  • Xielin Liu
  • Taishan Gao
  • Xi Wang


Beijing is a metropolis, the capital of China, as well as the center for political, cultural, and international exchanges and science, technology, and innovation of China. At the end of 2015, the population of Beijing reached 21.705 million, and the annual GRP reached 2301.459 billion yuan, with an increase of 7.89% compared to the previous year. GDP per capita reached 106,497 yuan, ranking the 2nd in the country. The main business income in the high-tech industry was 399.709 billion yuan, accounting for 17.37% of the GDP (Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics 2016).


  1. Beijing Fangdi Institute Economic Development. (2017). Zhongguancun index 2017.Google Scholar
  2. Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics (BMBS). (2014). Beijing Statistical Yearbook 2014. Beijing: China Statistics Press.Google Scholar
  3. BMBS (2016) Beijing Statistical Yearbook 2016. China Statistics Press, Beijing.Google Scholar
  4. BMBS. (2017a). Six high-end industrial functional zones create half the total economic volume of the city. Beijing Daily. Aug 30. Derived from
  5. BMBS. (2017b). Statistical bulletin of the national economic and social development 2017. China Enterprise Confederation (2017) 2016 China top 500 enterprises list.Google Scholar
  6. China Enterprise Confederation. (2017). China top 500 enterprises list.Google Scholar
  7. Clarivate Analytics. (2016). Top-100 innovative companies of mainland China in 2016.Google Scholar
  8. Dong, X. (2016). The contribution rate of S&T progress in Beijing exceeds 60%, R&D input intensity ranked first in China. China Business Network. Sep 06. Derived from
  9. Feng, S.. (2015). Business Model Innovation in China. Investment and Cooperation. Dec 14. Derived from
  10. Feng, R. (2017). Discussion on the development of business model under the background of sharing economy—Take the OfO and Mobike as examples. Journal of Kaifeng Institute of Education, 37(5), 258–259.Google Scholar
  11. Lei, J., (2015) Xiaomi learned the essence of these four companies. Manager (02): 71–77.Google Scholar
  12. Liu, Y. (2001) On the macroscopic efficiency of state-owned enterprises—Theory and its verification. Social Sciences in China (5), 69–81.Google Scholar
  13. Liu, N.. (2004). Creating Lenovo – President Liu Chuanzhi. Franchise Magazine (10), 24–27.Google Scholar
  14. Liu, H. (2017). Beijing’s economic development doubles in quality and efficiency: GDP per capita reached 115,000 yuan. Jun 19. Derived from
  15. National Bureau of Statistics of China. (2010). China compendium of statistics 19–2008. Beijing: China Statistics Press.Google Scholar
  16. National Bureau of Statistics of China. (2014–2016). China’s statics yearbook 2014–2016. Beijing: China Statistics Press.Google Scholar
  17. Renmin University of China. (2017). China’s top 1000 enterprises in innovation capability list 2016.Google Scholar
  18. Tan, X. (2016), Baidu restructuring of business structure, established “Baidu search company”, which is to imitate Google? PE Daily. Aug 13. Derived from
  19. Tu, L., & Zhao, H. (2010). Beijing’s headquarter economy has obvious features. Beijing Daily. Jan 22. Derived from
  20. Wang, T. (2016). Analysis of the impact of business model innovation on corporate working capital management—Take Xiaomi technology as an example. Commercial Accounting, (11), 64–65.Google Scholar
  21. Xiang, Y. (2016). Baidu: Driverless enters the world’s first camp. Science and Technology Daily. Mar 01: 001.Google Scholar
  22. Xie, W., & White, S. (2004). Sequential learning in a Chinese spin-off: The case of Lenovo Group Limited. R&D Management, 34(4), 407–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Xu, H. (2010). Google withdraws from mainland China, Baidu follows the trend. Securities Times. Mar 24: A04.Google Scholar
  24. Xu, Z., & Zhang, W. (2015). SOEs reform impact on economic growth. Economic Research, 50(4), 122–135.Google Scholar
  25. Zhao, Q. (2017). Does state-owned enterprise really inefficient? Based on the perspective of regional innovation efficiency spillover effect. Science of Science and Management of S.& T, 38(3), 107–116.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xielin Liu
    • 1
  • Taishan Gao
    • 2
  • Xi Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Information and Industrial Development DepartmentState Information CenterBeijingChina
  3. 3.Sino-Danish CollegeUniversity of Chinese Academy of ScienceBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations