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Hunan

  • Xielin Liu
  • Taishan Gao
  • Xi Wang
Chapter

Abstract

In 2017, the innovation capacity of Hunan province ranks 12th in the country, ranking 1 position higher than 2016. As to the sub-indexes, knowledge creation and knowledge acquisition rank 16th and 19th, respectively, ranking, respectively, 3 and 4 position higher than last year. Enterprise innovation ranks 9th in the country which is up 1 than last year, while innovative environmental ranks 17th nationwide, down 3 compared with last year. Innovation performance ranked 14th in the country, the same as the previous year (Table 23.1, Fig. 23.1).

In 2017, the innovation capacity of Hunan province ranks 12th in the country, ranking 1 position higher than 2016. As to the sub-indexes, knowledge creation and knowledge acquisition rank 16th and 19th, respectively, ranking, respectively, 3 and 4 position higher than last year. Enterprise innovation ranks 9th in the country which is up 1 than last year, while innovative environmental ranks 17th nationwide, down 3 compared with last year. Innovation performance ranked 14th in the country, the same as the previous year (Table 23.1, Fig. 23.1).
Table 23.1

Hunan innovation capability comprehensive value

Name of indexes

2017 comprehensive value

2017 sub-index rank

   

Index value

Rank

Strength

Efficiency

Potential

Comprehensive value

26.63

12

14

11

15

1 Knowledge creation

20.44

16

14

21

17

1.1 R&D input

16.01

17

14

18

13

1.2 Patent

24.84

14

14

22

7

1.3 Research paper

20.48

20

11

14

30

2 Knowledge acquisition

14.04

19

21

13

27

2.1 Science and technology cooperation

27.19

12

15

4

31

2.2 Technology transfer

11.95

17

19

17

10

2.3 Foreign-funded enterprise investment

5.73

23

17

23

17

3 Enterprise innovation

35.3

9

7

9

13

3.1 Enterprise R&D input

43.93

9

10

7

5

3.2 Design capability

20.42

11

9

13

17

3.3 Technology improvement

34.96

9

6

7

24

3.4 New product sales income

45.05

5

6

4

7

4 Innovation environment

23.71

17

14

23

18

4.1 Innovation infrastructure

21.41

17

16

24

3

4.2 Market environment

24.34

31

16

27

30

4.3 Employee quality

28.82

12

8

27

17

4.4 Financial environment

17.34

14

13

14

12

4.5 Entrepreneurship

26.65

18

13

18

16

5 Innovation performance

33.51

14

13

14

9

5.1 Macroeconomic

37.38

13

9

16

12

5.2 Industry structure

22.38

13

10

15

12

5.3 Industrial international competitiveness

17.89

16

19

15

4

5.4 Employment

19.75

20

28

10

11

5.5 Sustainable development and environment

70.13

8

17

13

11

Fig. 23.1

Spider chart of Hunan innovation capability

Data show that in “China Top 500 Enterprises List 2016,” Hunan shortlisted 7 enterprises, of which Sany Group’s operating revenue is the highest in Hunan, ranking 185th (Table 23.2).
Table 23.2

Hunan enterprises in the “China Top 500 Enterprises List 2016”

 

Enterprise

Operation revenue (billion yuan)

Rank

1

Sany Group

75.05

185

2

Hunan Valin Iron and Steel Group

66.80

204

3

Hunan Construction Engineering Group Corporation

55.70

238

4

Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science and Technology

51.94

255

5

Dahan Holding Group

33.64

384

6

Better Life Commercial Chain Share

31.02

407

7

Hunan Bochang Holding Group

30.51

412

In the “China Top-1000 Innovative Enterprises List 2016,” there are 29 Hunan enterprises, of which the top 10 patent application enterprises are as shown in the table below (Table 23.3).
Table 23.3

Hunan enterprises in the “China Top-1000 Innovative Enterprises List 2016” (top 10 patent application)

 

Enterprises

Patent application (Nr)

1

Chenzhou Jingui Yinye

165

2

CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Research Institute

102

3

Weisheng Group

85

4

Zhuzhou Cemented Carbide Group

73

5

Sunward Equipment

58

6

Hunan Er-Kang Pharmaceutical

55

7

Schindler Technology Group

44

8

Changsha Mining and Metallurgy Research Institute

42

9

CSR Zhuzhou Motor

42

10

Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science and Technology

39

Hunan has a higher-level innovation capability nationwide, and the ranking is relatively stable in recent years. From the point of view of the geographical city group, the resources of the three cities in Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan are the main sources of innovation and development in Hunan province. The construction of the national independent innovation demonstration zones in Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan has a stimulating effect on promoting the innovation and development of Hunan province. In addition, the innovation ability of enterprises in Hunan province is relatively good, but high-level, professional-type innovation and entrepreneurship talent is less. In the future it needs to take further efforts to improve the process of knowledge flow with outside.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xielin Liu
    • 1
  • Taishan Gao
    • 2
  • Xi Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Information and Industrial Development DepartmentState Information CenterBeijingChina
  3. 3.Sino-Danish CollegeUniversity of Chinese Academy of ScienceBeijingChina

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