In 2017, Anhui’s innovation capability ranks 10th in China, 1 place lower than the previous year. As to sub-indexes, knowledge creation, knowledge acquisition, enterprise innovation, innovation environment, and innovation performance rank 6th, 24th, 8th, 19th, and 16th, respectively. Among them, knowledge creation and knowledge acquisition are four places higher than last year; the rank of enterprise innovation remains the same; and the rank of innovation environment and innovation performance has declined. Comparing with other regions, Anhui’s knowledge acquisition capability is relatively poor (Table 17.1, Fig. 17.1).