• Xielin Liu
  • Taishan Gao
  • Xi Wang


At the end of 2015, the population of Hebei province reached 74.25 million, and the annual GDP reached 2980.611 billion yuan, with an increase of 1.31% compared to the previous year. GDP per capita reached 40,255 yuan, ranking the 19th in the country. The ratio of the three-industrial structure in 2015 changed from last year’s 11.7:51.0:37.3 to 11.5:48.3:40.2. The main business income in the high-tech industry is 170.587 billion yuan, accounting for 5.72% of the GDP.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xielin Liu
    • 1
  • Taishan Gao
    • 2
  • Xi Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Information and Industrial Development DepartmentState Information CenterBeijingChina
  3. 3.Sino-Danish CollegeUniversity of Chinese Academy of ScienceBeijingChina

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