• Xielin Liu
  • Taishan Gao
  • Xi Wang


At the end of 2015, the population of Tianjin reached 15.47 million, and the annual GDP reached 1653.819 billion yuan, with an increase of 5.16% compared to the previous year. GDP per capita reached 107,960 yuan, ranking 1st in the country. The ratio of the three-industrial structure in 2015 changed from previous year’s 1.3:49.2:49.6 to 1.3:46.7:52.0, with service sector exceeding over 50% for the first time. The main business income in the high-tech industry is 423.38 billion yuan, accounting for 25.6% of the GDP.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xielin Liu
    • 1
  • Taishan Gao
    • 2
  • Xi Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Information and Industrial Development DepartmentState Information CenterBeijingChina
  3. 3.Sino-Danish CollegeUniversity of Chinese Academy of ScienceBeijingChina

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