Development of a Municipal Waste Management System from Environmental and Economic Evaluation Perspectives: A Best Available System Methodology

  • Hao Hu
  • Ruixi ZhaoEmail author
  • Kenta Omura
  • Hiroshi Onoda


Designing an adequate municipal solid waste (MSW) system has proven a complex task in recent years due to the unpredictable combination of increased waste categories and new technological developments. Finding the optimal system for selecting such a suitable combination for a certain technology is a persisting issue. Hence, the development of a quantitative and applicable evaluation methodology is urgent. This paper develops an MSW management system, namely, Best Available System (BAS) methodology, which provides analysis from both environmental load and economic evaluation perspectives. Generally, it provides assessments from Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Costing (LCC) viewpoints and aims to propose the approach of a best available system. This study develops the BAS methodology concept, offers an optimal methodology of waste management evaluation system, builds databases, and applies the proposed methodology in a certain Japanese municipality.


Waste management Life cycle assessment Life cycle costing Best available system (BAS) Municipal solid waste (MSW) Incineration Melting 



We sincerely thank the corporations of Osaka Science & Technology Center waste treatment technology LCA work shop and its members. We also would like to express our gratitude to Ministry of the Environment, who provide grants-in-aid for scientific research expenses.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Hu
    • 1
  • Ruixi Zhao
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kenta Omura
    • 2
  • Hiroshi Onoda
    • 2
  1. 1.Environmental Research InstituteWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Environment and Energy EngineeringWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan

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