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Water Quality Assessment and Treatment of Pharmaceutical Industry Wastewater: A Case Study of Pharmacity Selaqui, Dehradun of Uttarakhand State, India

  • Sanjay Gupta
  • Rajendra Dobhal
  • Ashulekha Gupta
  • Usha Rani
  • Vivek Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

Undesirable antrhopogenic activities leads to pollution of river waters which is mainly caused by many factors such as every industry including pharmaceutical, agricultural sector and human generated sewage sludge and water, is a matter of great apprehension. Because societal progress together with population progression and environment change, therefore, it could cause a large-scale opposing impacts on the surface quality of water. On the other hand, the medicinal compounds are characteristically prepared in an industry through a series of processes which lead towards the occurrence of varied types of compounds in its effluents, which are produced in dissimilar processes. Moreover, abundant amount of aqua are utilized for cleaning of equipment and rock-solid material cake or taking out of potent chemicals from raw materials. The occurrence of pharmaceutical complexes in potable water chiefly derived from two diverse origins: the manufacturing process of medicinal industries and every day or usual use of pharmaceutical products, which results in their occurrence in metropolitan and rural effluents. Therefore, the effluents produced in various methods during the preparation of drugs and pharmaceuticals products comprise of a different variety of compounds. These compounds in natural environment also cause resistance among sensitive microbes, which may further transfer the resistant genome to sensitive microbes. Additionally, recycling of wastewater after contaminant removal, whether pharmaceutical or other industries, is generally wanted by the manufacturing industry. Keeping in mind the shortage of water reserves, it has become absolutely essential to comprehend and prepare sophisticated procedures for the cure of pharmaceutical effluents as part of crucial water administration system. In this chapter, the several origins of effluents from the drug industry are detected along with the types of contaminants and the best existing methods and technologies to eliminate them from the ecosystem.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjay Gupta
    • 1
  • Rajendra Dobhal
    • 2
  • Ashulekha Gupta
    • 3
  • Usha Rani
    • 1
  • Vivek Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Himalayan School of BiosciencesSwami Rama Himalayan UniversityDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Uttarakhand Council for Science and TechnologyDehradunIndia
  3. 3.School of Management StudiesIMS Unison UniversityDehradunIndia

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