Rhizoremediation of Azodyes by Constructed Wetland Technology using Typha latifolia

  • Anju Anil Kumar
  • Dipu Sukumaran
  • Salom Gnana Thanga Vincent


Synthetic azodyes used in textile industries generate hazardous waste and adverse effect on soil and water, probably affects the whole environment. The traditional treatment technologies used for synthetic dyes are costly and adversely affect the biota. Phytoremediation, an arising new technology that generally uses the aquatic macrophytes to reduce, stabilize and also remove toxic pollutants in an ecofriendly and cost effective way. However, the stress on plants results in slow growth and low biomass and its rhizospheric bacteria will enhance the degradation potential and reduce the stress on plants. The chapter describes the bioremediation of azodyes by the combination of plant and root associated bacteria of Typha latifolia in constructed wetland system.



The author’s acknowledge the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, for financial support vide reference no. DST/Disha/SoRF-PM/054/2013 under Women Scientist scheme to carry out this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anju Anil Kumar
    • 1
  • Dipu Sukumaran
    • 2
  • Salom Gnana Thanga Vincent
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesUniversity of KeralaThiruvananthapuramIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Water Resources Development and ManagementKozhikodeIndia

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