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Risk Factors for Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament

  • Mitsumasa Umesawa
  • Koji Uchiyama
  • Hiroshi Taneichi
  • Gen Kobashi
Chapter
Part of the Current Topics in Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine book series (CTEHPM)

Abstract

Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a kind of ectopic ossification occurred at the spinal canal. OPLL causes myeloradiculopathy. The prevalence of OPLL in Asian population is generally higher than in Western population. Also, the prevalence of OPLL is higher in older subjects than in younger subjects. Risk factors of OPLL were discussed by epidemiological studies. These studies found that genetic factors, obesity, history of diseases, and nutritional factors were likely to be risk factor of OPLL.

Keywords

Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) Epidemiology Risk factor 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitsumasa Umesawa
    • 1
  • Koji Uchiyama
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hiroshi Taneichi
    • 3
  • Gen Kobashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public HealthDokkyo Medical UniversityShimotsugaJapan
  2. 2.Laboratory of International Environmental HealthCenter for International Cooperation, Dokkyo Medical UniversityShimotsugaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryDokkyo Medical UniversityShimotsugaJapan

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