An Overview of Growth and Malnutrition Among 5–18-Year Children in India
This paper comprises of assessment of growth and nutritional status of 5–18-year children in India along with finding the key determinants of undernutrition and overnutrition. For this study, the data were collected from the second round of Indian Human Development Survey (IHDS-II) of 2011–12. Growth study has been done through height and weight and nutritional assessment through age-and sex-specific BMI. Data on socio-economic background are gender, religion and per capita expenditure, which were taken to see the effect of these variables on growth and nutritional status.The results show that growth of children is continuous and ascending in nature. However, a sudden influx may occur at some point during the ages of 10–14 years among children except for height in girls. This influx may occur due to the onset of adolescent growth spurt. Occurrences of undernutrition are directly related with age but maximum undernutrition occurs between 10 and 15 for boys and 10 and 13 for girls. Analysis of possible regional and socio-economic factors with child malnutrition outcomes does not reveal any substantive causal relations except for per capita expenditure, which has a negative impact on undernutrition and positive impact on obesity.
KeywordsGrowth status Malnutrition Underweight Overweight Obese Socio-economic condition
We are thankful to both the anonymous referees for their valuable comments and suggestions, which enabled us to improve the paper substantially to the present version.
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