Editing for Language and Avoiding Ambiguity in Data Presentation

  • Savio George Barreto


  • Performing experiments is only part of the job, accurately interpreting the findings and then presenting them appropriately is just as important, if not, more so.

  • The first step to editing is to plan the structure of the text, tables and figures in terms of the flow of the document.

  • If the researcher lacks formal writing skills in the language in which the document is prepared, then seeking help from professional editing services is suggested.

  • The keys to avoiding ambiguity when dealing with quantitative and qualitative data are to keep an open mind when performing research and interpreting the results, and to subject one’s findings to informal peer review before writing them up.

  • Courses on how to edit documents are available. Attending these course is recommended.


  1. 1.
    Australian standards for editing practice: Institute of Professional Editors Limited; 2013. Available from:
  2. 2.
    Wendy Monaghan Editing Services. Available from:
  3. 3.
    Sand-Jensen K. How to write consistently boring scientific literature. Oikos. 2007;116:723–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Savio George Barreto
    • 1
  1. 1.Hepatobiliary and Esophagogastric Unit, Division of Surgery and Perioperative MedicineFlinders Medical Centre Bedford ParkAdelaideSouth Australia

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