Genetic Disease in Ophthalmology: Healthcare and Research Opportunity in Bangladesh
Genetic eye diseases which may pass on from parent to children through genes include a large number of ocular pathologies all of which do not cause visual impairment. Global as well as country burden of the problem is unknown. Consanguineous marriage is common in the country which is a predisposing factor for the genetic eye diseases. Bangladesh is striving to develop reliable infrastructure of eye healthcare delivery system from community clinic providing preventive and promotive care to tertiary level facilities and specialized institutes providing specific treatments. Utilizing the field staffs, eye patients may be screened at the community and referred to the health facilities for further diagnosis and treatment. Sociodemographic data may reveal the consanguineous marriage history and will help diagnosing genetic eye diseases. Thus proper utilization of health system will not only ensure eye care of patients but also to create opportunities of research with data generation providing magnitude of eye disease with a focus to genetic eye disorder in this large population.
KeywordsOcular genetic disease Autosomal recessive Autosomal dominant Health system Primary healthcare Consanguineous marriage
Compliance with Ethical Requirements
The authors A.H.M. Enayet Hussain and Khaleda Islam declares that they have no conflict of interest.
- 2.Mathebula SD. A review of ocular genetics and inherited eye diseases. S Afr Optom. 2012;71(4):179–89.Google Scholar
- 4.Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoH&FW) Bangladesh. National Eye Care Plan for implementation of Vision 2020 in Bangladesh.Google Scholar
- 5.Universal eye health: a global action plan 2014–2019. World Health Organization; 2013. ISBN 978 92 4 150656 4 (NLM classification: WW 140). http://www.who.int/blindness/actionplan/en/
- 6.Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoH&FW) Bangladesh. 4th Health, Population and Nutrition Sector Programme (4th HPNSP); 2017.Google Scholar
- 7.Preventing avoidable childhood blindness in Bangladesh: a pilot intervention (2016). http://www.searo.who.int/bangladesh/cblindness/en/
- 8.National Institute of Population Research and Training (NIPORT), Mitra and Associates, and ICF International. Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2014. Dhaka, Bangladesh, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NIPORT, Mitra and Associates, and ICF International; 2016.Google Scholar
- 10.Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoH&FW). Community Based Health Care (CBHC). http://www.communityclinic.gov.bd/
- 11.World Health Organization (WHO); Community clinics in Bangladesh: Bringing health care to the doorstep of rural people. http://www.searo.who.int/mediacentre/events/community-clinics-bangladesh-story/en/
- 12.Reddy MA, Purbrick R, Petrou P. The prevalence of patients with ocular genetic disorders attending a general paediatric ophthalmology clinic in the east end of London. Eye. 2009;23:1111–4. https://doi.org/10.1038/eye.2008.212. published online 11 July 2008 & Macmillan Publishers Limited2009CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 13.Genetic eye diseases and genetic counselling services in Egypt. Ahmed Gomaa Staff Ophthalmologist, Flying Eye Hospital, ORBIS International. Community Eye Health Journal, vol 20(61), March 2007.Google Scholar