Understanding the Warming Process

  • Asheem Srivastav
Part of the Advances in Geographical and Environmental Sciences book series (AGES)


Greenhouse gases form a thick blanket around the Earth to regulate the loss of energy into space, thereby keeping the Earth warm enough for the survival of living beings. However, during the past three centuries the uncontrolled and unregulated emission of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, ozone and other long-lived industrial gases such as CFCs, HFCs and PFCs have changed the global energy balance. This has resulted in warming of the Earth, and the current estimates are that a temperature increase of 4 °C may lead to disastrous and irreversible changes. Carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides are the largest source of GHGs that are being released due to deforestation, land diversion, burning of coal and petroleum, soil erosion and water pollution. As a consequence, large quantities of carbon stored in living and dead vegetation, soil organic matter, as dissolved organic and inorganic carbon in oceans, have been liberated into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide or methane with serious impact on global climate. Increase in nitrogen in the atmosphere due to extensive use of fertilizers and combustion processes, loss of blue-green algae and nitrogen-fixing bacteria has further aggravated the warming process.


Greenhouse gas Biological pump Biological calcification Biological accumulation ratio Carbon Nitrogen Methane Dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Forest ServiceGandhinagarIndia

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