India’s Costly Evasion from ‘Enlightenment’ Ideas and Values

  • Arup Maharatna


In an effort to illuminate the genesis of what we have termed Indian metamorphosis, the present chapter invokes the foundational role of European (or more broadly, Western) Enlightenment movement (and its far-reaching ideational, political and sociocultural revolutions) just preceding (and during the first phase of) the Industrial Revolution in the emergence of modern industrial, secular and democratic civilization.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arup Maharatna
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ScholarKolkataIndia

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