The Shift

  • P. R. Kumaraswamy
  • Md. Muddassir Quamar


It was only after the end of the Cold War and structural changes in international political order that India started to look at Saudi Arabia differently, and a meaningful shift towards the kingdom began in 2001 when then foreign minister Jaswant Singh visited Riyadh and met with senior Saudi leaders. This was the shift that gave momentum to bilateral relations for over a decade when trade and commerce and energy security became the mainstay in Indo-Saudi ties.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. R. Kumaraswamy
    • 1
  • Md. Muddassir Quamar
    • 2
  1. 1.School of International StudiesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Institute for Defence Studies & AnalysesNew DelhiIndia

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