Introduction and Epidemiology of Abdominal Trauma in Children
Epidemiology of paediatric trauma is related to the collection of data in relation to the mechanism of injury, place of injury, demographic details of the victim of the trauma and analysing the data. After analysing the injury epidemiology, it has been identified that trauma is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the paediatric age group. Children are not just miniature adults. There are anatomical, physiological and emotional variations among children and adults that make the care and management of paediatric population different from that of adult. In 1960 WHO regional office for Europe found that in high- income countries, trauma had become the primary cause of death in children above 1 year of age . The mechanism for paediatric trauma encompasses both intentional and unintentional injuries. Intentional injuries occur because of violence, conflicts, war, suicides and child abuse. Unintentional injuries occur because of the vehicular accident, fall, sport- related injuries, poisoning, burns and drowning. The pattern and cause of paediatric trauma have changed over the period of time with globalisation, urbanisation and motorisation . There is a difference in pattern and cause of injuries in developed and developing country and also between urban and rural area. There are differences in the causes of injuries in the same country with different socioeconomic status and different geographical location. The age group which is kept protected from economical responsibility in one country or one socioeconomic status may be the main contributor for family economy in others that makes them more vulnerable to agent factor of trauma.
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