Human Thermodynamics and Culture (II)

  • Rongxing Guo


Historians and anthropologists have highly simplified, if not dismissed, the biological factors that may have decided or influenced the dynamic behaviors of humans and civilizations. As a matter of fact, human emigration throughout the world was a response-to-challenge process. Thus, humans coming out of Africa must have been physically inferior to those who continued to stay in or near to their original homes. In all circumstances, physical weakness may provide incentives (whereas physical advantages may provide disincentives) for humans to develop complex societies from previous simpler ones. Not all human and cultural evolutions are consistent with what Darwin called “natural selection.” Nevertheless, they all conform to the basic law of human thermodynamics: that humans’ mental output and physical output are roughly negatively correlated. As a result, language, religion, and culture as a whole are created by those who are (or who think they are) weak.


Human evolution Civilization Human thermodynamics Language Religion 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rongxing Guo
    • 1
  1. 1.Capital University of Economics and BusinessBeijingChina

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