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Conventional and Biotechnological Approaches to Enhance Steviol Glycosides (SGs) in Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni

  • Arpan Modi
  • Nitish Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni (Asteraceae) is a perennial herb with many secondary metabolites present mainly in the leaf and other plant parts. Major secondary metabolites, for which the plant is consumed, are steviol glycosides (SGs) containing diterpene steviol, attached to which are one to four molecules of glucose by glycosidic bond(s). They impart very less calorie in consumer’s diet, thus widely used as a sweetener in food and beverage industries. The amount of SGs in the plant varies from 8 to 10%, enhancement of which is always in demand. Both conventional and biotechnological approaches are being made till date to increase the level of SGs in the plant. In the present chapter, we discussed various ways to enhance the level of these sweeteners with the prime focus on conventional and biotechnological approaches.

Keywords

Micropropagation Physical factors Stevia rebaudiana Steviol glycosides 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arpan Modi
    • 1
  • Nitish Kumar
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Plant SciencesAgricultural Research OrganizationRishon LeZionIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology, School of Earth, Biological and Environmental SciencesCentral University of South BiharGayaIndia

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