Laurel (Laurus nobilis L.): A Less-Known Medicinal Plant to the World with Diffusion, Genomics, Phenomics, and Metabolomics for Genetic Improvement

  • Muhammad Azhar Nadeem
  • Muhammad Aasim
  • Saliha Kırıcı
  • Ünal Karık
  • Muhammad Amjad Nawaz
  • Abdurrahim Yılmaz
  • Hasan Maral
  • Khalid Mahmood Khawar
  • Faheem Shehzad Baloch


Medicinal plants have gained the world’s attention due to their application in various ways. Laurel (Laurus nobilis. L) is a very important medicinal plant of the Mediterranean region. Traditionally this plant has been successfully used in medicine, and its essential oil has great importance. Genomics, breeding, and metabolomics of different crops have remained the main focus of researchers, which made this plant to less known to the world. Most of the researchers only worked about the essential oil and its antibacterial and antioxidant activities. However, still almost no work has been done about the breeding aspects of this important plant. The present review offers an overview about the origin, diffusion, genomics, phenomics, breeding, and metabolomics of laurel. This information would be very helpful for the researchers who are interested in the breeding of this plant.


Laurel Laurus nobilis Genomics Breeding Phenomics Metabolomics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Azhar Nadeem
    • 1
  • Muhammad Aasim
    • 2
  • Saliha Kırıcı
    • 3
  • Ünal Karık
    • 4
  • Muhammad Amjad Nawaz
    • 5
  • Abdurrahim Yılmaz
    • 1
  • Hasan Maral
    • 6
  • Khalid Mahmood Khawar
    • 7
  • Faheem Shehzad Baloch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agricultural and Natural SciencesAbant Izzet Baysal UniversityBoluTurkey
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyFaculty of Science, Necmettin Erbakan UniversityKonyaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Field Crops, Faculty of AgricultureÇukurova UniversityAdanaTurkey
  4. 4.Aegean Agricultural Research InstituteMenemenTurkey
  5. 5.Department of BiotechnologyChonnam National UniversityChonnamRepublic of Korea
  6. 6.Ermenek Vocational School, Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey UniversityKaramanTurkey
  7. 7.Department of Field Crops, Faculty of AgricultureAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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