Posterior Tibial Tendoscopy

  • Samuel Ka Kin Ling
  • Tun Hing Lui
  • Shin Yeung Chiu


Posterior tibial tendon (PTT) dysfunction is a common disorder in adults and is also known as posterior tibial tendon deficiency (PTTD) and adult acquired flatfoot deformity. Flatfeet in the pediatric and the adult population are often regarded as different entities as they both have different etiologies; this chapter will focus on the adult population where the posterior tibial tendon plays a major role [1–4].


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel Ka Kin Ling
    • 1
  • Tun Hing Lui
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Shin Yeung Chiu
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedics and TraumatologyNorth District HospitalHong KongChina
  2. 2.Department of OrthopaedicsSouthern Medical UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Institute of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology— Chinese Academy of ScienceShenzhenChina
  4. 4.Department of Orthopaedics and TraumatologyChinese University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  5. 5.Department of Orthopaedics and TraumatologyPamela Youde Nethersole Eastern HospitalHong KongChina

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