Setup, Equipment and Surgical Instruments
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Operating theatres can be regarded as the centre of any orthopaedic service, with many surgeons ‘living’ in them. The name operating theatre/surgical theatre arises from historical contexts, with surgery previously performed in an open hall on an elevated table surrounded by a tiered amphitheatre for spectators/students to observe and learn. These dated theatres have now been superseded by operating rooms with a thoroughly controlled artificial environment, allowing meticulous regulation of luminosity, airflow, temperature and humidity. Concurrently, the actual surgical operations have also progressed from a being gruesome and gory procedure to its current trademark of being sterile and sleek.
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