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Cultivation, Conservation and Medicinal Significance of Macrofungi

  • S. K. Singh
  • Rakesh Pathak
Chapter

Abstract

Mushrooms are saprophytic macrofungi. Due to differences in sexuality patterns, mostly diploid pure mycelia cultures are raised as tissue culture on suitable cereal grains. Cultivation techniques of Pleurotus spp., Calocybe indica and Agaricus bisporus (long, short and indoor composting methods) with spawn and substrate preparation are discussed. Improved methodologies of mushroom culture preservation for a short or long period with advantages and limitations are discussed. Anticancer, anti-heart attack, anti-HIV, hypoglycaemic, hypotensive, hepato- and nephroprotective, antioxidant, immunomodulatory, cardiovascular, respiratory, anti-hepatotoxic, pharmacological properties (antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral), and production of novel bioactive molecules by mushrooms are highlighted.

Keywords

Mushrooms Mycelium conservation Medicinal properties Bioactive molecules 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Singh
    • 1
  • Rakesh Pathak
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research InstituteJodhpurIndia

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