Advertisement

Novel Tools for the Management of Conogethes punctiferalis Guenée (Crambidae: Lepidoptera)

  • N. E. Thyagaraj
  • K. S. Jagadish
  • Naveen Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

The borer, Conogethes punctiferalis species infests a wide variety of crops and plant parts, is difficult to manage with insecticides. However, newer compounds, spinetoram and cyazypyr, have shown some promise which can be selectively applied at appropriate time and dose. Timely harvests, clean cultivation, encouragement of pollinators and natural enemies, fruit thinning and bagging and balanced nutrition can greatly help in managing the Conogethes populations. Mass trapping of adult moths by pheromone traps and botanical formulations can lead to realistic management of the pest resulting in sustainable crop yields. Such a set of management tools can be practical, cheap and environmentally sound.

Keywords

Conogethes Beneficial conservation Integrated pest management Pheromone traps 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Authors are thankful to the authorities of the University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru, Dr BR Ambedkar University, Agra and Dow Agri-Sci, Bombay, for the encouragement and the material used in this chapter.

References

  1. Akashe VB, Indi DV, Patil SR, Jadhav JD, Pawar PB (2015) Incidence of insect pest damage in castor in relation to meteorological parameters in the scarcity zone of Maharastra. J Agrometeorology 17(1):139–141Google Scholar
  2. Ali MAA, Manoharan T, Kuttalam S (2014) Trends in Bioscience 7(22):3771–3773Google Scholar
  3. Anonymous (1990) Improved cultivation practices for horticultural crops- hill region. UAS, Bangalore, pp 10–11Google Scholar
  4. Armstrong K (2010) DNA bar-coding: a new module in New Zealand’s plant biosecurity diagnostic toolbox. Bull OEPP/EPPO 40:91–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bhat VR (2000) Gameticidal effect of plant based pesticides in aercanut. Indian Farming 50(7):33–36Google Scholar
  6. Boo KS (1998) Variation in sex pheromone composition of a few selected lepidopteran. J Asia Pac Entomol 1(1):17–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. CAB International (2007) Crop protection compendium. CAB International, WallingfordGoogle Scholar
  8. Cai RX, Mu XL (1993) Trap trials for Conogethes punctiferalis with sex pheromones in citrus orchards. China Citrus 22(1):33Google Scholar
  9. Chakravarthy AK (1988) Predation by golden backed wood pecker Dinopium bengalensis on cardamom shoot borer Conogethes punctiferalis. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 85(2):427Google Scholar
  10. Chakravarthy AK, Khan MM (1987) Innovative tools for protecting cardamom from herbivores- plea for crop management. Q News Lett Asia Pac Plant Prot Comm 30(34):12–17Google Scholar
  11. Chakravarthy AK, Thyagaraj NE (1997) Response of cardamom shoot and fruit borer to different pheromone compounds. Insect Environ 2(4):127–128Google Scholar
  12. Chakravarthy AK, Thyagaraj NE (1998) Evaluation of certain synthetic pheromones of the cardamom shoot and fruit borer Conogethes punctiferalis in Karnataka. Pest Manag Hortic Eco-syst 4(2):78–82Google Scholar
  13. Chakravarthy AK, Thyagaraj NE (1999) Effect of different NPK fertilizer levels on the incidence of cardamom pests. Insect Environ 4(4):139–140Google Scholar
  14. Chakravarthy AK, Shashank PR, Doddabasappa B, Thyagaraj NE (2012) Status of shoot and fruit borer, Conogethes spp (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in the orient: biosystematics, biology and management. J Insect Sci 25(2):107–117Google Scholar
  15. Chethan KS, Swamy BCH, Sowmya DK, Nagaraja A, Sathish R (2016) Evaluation of insecticide molecules against Shoot borer Conogethes punctiferalis. Environ Ecol 34(1A):225–228Google Scholar
  16. Devasahayam S (2000) Evaluation of biopesticides for the management of Conogethes punctiferalis on ginger. In: Proceedings of the Centennial conference on spice and aromatic plants. Indian Society for Spices, Calicut, India, pp 276–277Google Scholar
  17. Devasahayam S, Koya KMA (1999) Integrated management of insect pests in spice. Indian J Areca Nut, Spice Med Plants 1(1):19–23Google Scholar
  18. Devasahayam S, Jacob TK, Abdul Koya KM, Sashikumar B (2010) Screening of ginger germplasm for resistance to Conogethes punctiferalis. J Med Aromat Plant Sci 32(2):137–138Google Scholar
  19. Eapan SJ (1994) Effect of three granular insecticides on damage by thrips and borer in small cardamom. J Entomol Res 18(2):181–183Google Scholar
  20. Gaur RK (2014) Diversity of insect pests of castor, Ricinus communis and their ecological interaction in South-West Haryana. Int J Farm Sci 4(4):147–152Google Scholar
  21. Hata TY, Hara AH, Jang EB, Imaino AS, Hu BKS, Tenbrink VL (1992) Pest management before harvest and insecticidal dip after harvest as a system approach to quarantine security for red ginger. J Econ Entomol 85(6):2310–2316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. He RQ (1997) Study on the control of yellow peach moths China. South –China-Fruits 26(4):33Google Scholar
  23. Hou LX, Hou JC, Li ZX, Jonson JA, Wang SJ (2015) Validation of radio frequency treatments as alternative non-chemical methods for disinfecting chestnuts. J Stored Prod Res 63:75–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ingle YV, Vadaskar RM, Burgoni EB (2016) Host spectrum and relative virulence of entomological fungi Nomuraea rileyi and Metarhizium anisopliae. Curr Biotica 9(4):348–355Google Scholar
  25. Jacob SA (1981) Biology of Conogethes punctiferalis on turmeric. J Plantation Crops 9(2):119–123Google Scholar
  26. Jia XJ, Hao SD, Du YL, Zhang MZ, Quin ZC, Wang JZ, Wang HX, Ji WR (2015) cDNA cloning ,expression profiling and binding affinity assay of the pheromone binding protein Cpun – PBP1 in the yellow peach moth Conogethes punctiferalis. Acta Entomol Sin 58(11):1167–1176Google Scholar
  27. Joseph Rajkumar A, Sainamole Kurian P, Backiyarani S, Murugan M (2002) Evaluation of botanicals against cardamom pests in cardamom plantations. J Spice Aromat Crops 11(2):132–134Google Scholar
  28. Jyothi KN, Prasanna AL, Sighamony S, Prasad A, RandYadav JS (1996) Comparative electro-antenogram study of Parallelia algiria and Conogethes punctiferalis to genera plant volatiles. J Entomol Res 20(3):189–195Google Scholar
  29. Kimura T, Honda H (1999) Identification and possible functions of hair pencil scent of the yellow peach moth Conogethes punctiferalis in Japan. Appl Entomol Zool 34(1):147–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kondo A, Nagata K, Mochizuki (2008) Geographical difference in pheromone trap performance of the yellow peach moth Conogethes punctiferalis, occurring in Japanese peach orchards. Jpn Appl Entomol Zool Chugoku Branch 50:35–38Google Scholar
  31. Konno Y, Honda H, Matsumoto Y (1980) Observation on the mating behavior and biology for the sex pheromones of yellow peach moth Conogethes punctiferalis. Appl Entomol Zool 15(3):321–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Konno Y, Honda N, Matsumoto Y (1981) Mechanism of reproductive isolation between the fruit feeding and pin ace feeding type of yellow peach moth, Dichocrosis punctiferalis. Jpn J Appl Entomol Zool 25(4):253–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Koya KMA, Devasahayam S, Kumar TP (1991) Insect pests of ginger and turmeric in India. J Plant Crop 19(1):1–3Google Scholar
  34. Krishnamurthy KK, Avdani KK, Venkatesh J, Siddaramaih AL, Chakravathy AK, Gurumurthy BR (1989) Three decades of cardamom research, Regional Research Station, Mudigere (1958–1988). Station Technical Bulletin, pp 44–48Google Scholar
  35. Kumaresan D (1982) Efficacy of modern synthetic insecticides for control of cardamom pests. Appl Entomol Zool 50(2):183–189Google Scholar
  36. Kumaresan D (1983) Field evaluation of insecticides for control of cardamom pests. South-Indian Horticulture 2-3151-152Google Scholar
  37. Li DY, Ali PP, Du YL, Sun SL, Zang MZ (2015) Effect of different host plants on the development and reproduction of yellow peach moth Conogethes punctiferalis. Aust Entomol 54(2):149–153Google Scholar
  38. Liu MY, Tian Y, Li XY (1994) Identification of minor components of the sex pheromones of yellow peach moth Conogethes punctiferalis. Entomol Sin 1(2):150–155Google Scholar
  39. Luo H, Honda H (2015) Olfactory and bio physical assessment of the oviposition stimulating potential of the host and non-host plants for the yellow peach moth Conogethes punctiferalis. Appl Entomol Zool 50(2):183–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mandal SC, Ghosh SN, Sinha RP (1978) Chemiocal control of castor capsule borer Conogethes punctiferalis. Indian J Entomol 40(4):460–462Google Scholar
  41. Manikandan R, Muthukumar C, Ramalaxmi A, Balasubramani V, Udayasuriyan (2016) Screening of new isolates of Bacillus thuringiensis for cry1genes and testing of toxicity against Conogethes punctiferalis. Microbiol (Moscow) 85(2):191–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Mori K, Watanable H, Fugiwahara M, Kuwahara S (1990) (E)-and(Z)-tetradecenyl formate, potent sex pheromone mimics against yellow peach moth. Pheromone Synth 122:1257–1259Google Scholar
  43. Nari C, Kunikrishan, Zacharia PK, George KV, Nair MRGK, Kunhikrishan Nair C (1979) Field evaluation of newer insecticides for control of cardamom pests. Pesticides 13(8):49–50Google Scholar
  44. Patel RK, Gangrade GA (1971) Note on the biology of castor capsule borer Conogethes punctiferalis. Indian J Agric Sci 41(5):443–444Google Scholar
  45. Pervez R, Eapan SJ, Devasahayam S, Jacob TK (2014) Natural occurrence of Entomopathogenic nematodes associated with ginger eco-systems in India. Indian J Nematol 44(2):238–246Google Scholar
  46. Rajabhaskar D, Regupathy R (2013) Plantation Journal of Biological Sciences, pp 1–8. ISSN:1028-8880.  https://doi.org/10.3023/pjbs.2013
  47. Rajagopal D, Chakravarthy AK, Gangappa E (1987) Role of biotic and abiotic factors in regulating the pests of cardamom. J Coffee Res 7(1):103–104Google Scholar
  48. Renuka S, Regupathy A (2008) Acute and Selective toxicity of Profenofos against the shoot and capsule borer of the small cardamom. Resistant Pest Manag Newsl 17(2):33–35Google Scholar
  49. Robinson GS, Tuck KR, Shaffer M (1994) A field guide to the smaller moths of South-East Asia. Malayan Nature Society and the Natural History Museum. Art Printing Works Sdn. Dhd., KualalumpurGoogle Scholar
  50. Sarkar PK, Roy D, Chakraraborthy G (2016) Bio-effectiveness and non-target toxicity of an IPM compatible thiourea compound diafenthiuron against cardamom pests under hill zone of the West Bengal 40(2):177–185Google Scholar
  51. Sekiguchi K (1974) Morphology, biology and control of yellow peach moth Conogethes punctiferalis. Bulletin of the Ibaraki Horticultural Experiment Station, Special Issue, p 89Google Scholar
  52. Sharma YR, Devasayam S, Anandaraj M (1992) Black pepper and cardamom: problems and prospects. In: Proceedings of national seminar on black pepper and cardamom, 17–18 May 1992, Calicut, KeralaGoogle Scholar
  53. Sharma ML, Shukla A, Reddy RK (1995) Field testing of castor cultivars for field yield potential and resistance against shoot and fruit borer Conogethes punctiferalis. Crop Res Hissar 10(1):54–58Google Scholar
  54. Shashank PR, Chakravarthy AK, Chandrashekaraiah R, Banu KRM (2014) Behavioural studies on shoot and fruit borer Conogethes punctiferalis host associated populations reveal occurrence of cryptic species. Entomol Generalis 35(2):103–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Shashank PR, Kammar V, Mally R, Chakravarthy AK (2018) A new Indian species of shoot and capsule borer of the genus Conogethes (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), feeding on cardamom. Zootaxa 4374(2):215–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Shetty GR, Hanchinamani V, Venkatesha J (2015) Correlation coefficients and occurrence of pests and diseases in turmeric cultivars under hill zone of Karnataka. J Environ Ecol 33(3):1201–1204Google Scholar
  57. Singh SS, Rai AB, Mayank K, Kamal S (2009) Status, constraints and strategies of pest management in vegetable crops. Progress Hortic 41(1):46–53Google Scholar
  58. Slon WJS (1945) Insect pests of grain sorghum. Queens Land Agric J 61(4):221–239Google Scholar
  59. Solis MA (1999) Key to selected pyraloidea larvae intercepted at US ports of entry: revision of pyraloidea in keys to some frequently intercepted lepidopterous larvae by Weisman 1986. Proc Entomol Soc Wash 101(3):645–666Google Scholar
  60. Sridharan S, Nagarajn N, Thamuraj S, Mohidin MK (1990) Effect of plating density on the capsule dame by cardamom major pests. South Indian Hortic 38(2):120–121Google Scholar
  61. Sumitomo Chemical Co Ltd (2012) Development of the Novel Insecticide Spinetoram (DIANA®). A reportGoogle Scholar
  62. Thyagaraj NE (2003) Integrated management of some important cardamom pests in hill region of Karnataka, South India. Ph.D. thesis submitted to Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University, Agra, UP, p 226Google Scholar
  63. Thyagaraj NE, Singh PK, Chakravarthy AK (2002) Effect of plat based insecticides on cardamom major pests infestation. Insect Environ 7(4):179–180Google Scholar
  64. Tomomatsu S, Sekaguchi T, Ogino T, Misumi T, Kawakami F (1995) Methyl bromide fumigation for quarantine control of persimmon fruit moth and yellow peach moth on Japanese Persimon. Res Bull Plant Prot Serv 31:67–73Google Scholar
  65. USDA (1957) Insects not known to in the United States. Yellow peach moth Conogethes punctiferalis, pp 37–38Google Scholar
  66. Varadarasan S (2001) Insect pest management in cardamom –key to reduce cost of production. Spice India 14(7):19–22Google Scholar
  67. Walsh BJ (1867) The apple worm and maggot. J Hortic 2:338–343Google Scholar
  68. Wan NF, Zhang Y, Huang KH, Ji XY, Jiang JX (2016) Ecological engineering of trap cropping promotes biocontrol services in peach orchard ecosystems. Ecol Eng 90:427–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Wang J, Zhang T-T, Wang Z-Y, He K-L, Liu Y, Jing L (2013) Molecular taxonomy of Conogethes punctiferalis, and Conogethes pinicolalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. J Integr Agric 13(9).  https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(3)60678-4
  70. Wilson KI, Josseph D, Rehim MA, Nair MRGK (1978) Use of newer insecticides for control of cardamom pests. Agric Res J Kerala 15(2):192–194Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. E. Thyagaraj
    • 1
  • K. S. Jagadish
    • 2
  • Naveen Kumar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyCollage of AgricultureHassanIndia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural EntomologyUniversity of Agricultural Sciences, Gandhi Krishi Vignan Kendra (GKVK)BengaluruIndia
  3. 3.Denthottu House, Ballamanja, Manchina, BelthangadyMangaluruIndia

Personalised recommendations