Host Plant Relationships of the Shoot and Fruit Borer, Conogethes spp. (Crambidae: Lepidoptera): Mechanisms and Determinants

  • B. Doddabasappa
  • K. R. M. Bhanu
  • S. Subhash


Among castor plant types, spineless spike type exhibited resistance to the borer, Conogethes. Among cardamom plant types, Malabar clones exhibited borer resistance. Host shift experiments and other laboratory studies revealed that Conogethes population feeding on cardamom are genetically different from those feeding on castor. The patterns and relationships between the borer and the above two plants are different and independent. The larval behavioural responses were different on the two plants. A combination of antixenosis and antibiosis together with tolerance mechanism conferred resistance to the plants against the borer, Conogethes, attack. Conogethes borer-resistant plants play a vital role in pest management as resistant plants offer an ideal means of borer suppression.


Cardamom Castor Antibiosis-antixenosis mechanisms Host-mediated speciation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Doddabasappa
    • 1
  • K. R. M. Bhanu
    • 2
  • S. Subhash
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyCollege of HorticultureKolarIndia
  2. 2.Bio-Control Research Laboratories, A Division of Pest Control (India) Pvt. Ltd., SriramanahalliBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Department of Agricultural EntomologyUniversity of Agricultural Sciences, Gandhi Krishi Vignan Kendra (GKVK)BengaluruIndia

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