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Pest Risk Analysis for the Shoot and Fruit Borer, Conogethes spp. (Crambidae: Lepidoptera)

  • G. P. Mutturaj
  • S. Subhash
  • Sandeep Singh
  • A. K. Chakravarthy
Chapter

Abstract

The borer, Conogethes punctiferalis, has spread geographically through international trade. The insect has been intercepted in consignments of fruits in England, Wales, the Netherlands, Australia, New Zealand and the USA. Conogethes is a pest of quarantine importance and therefore should be regularly monitored for which phytosanitary measures are to be followed during harvest, processing, packing and transportation.

Keywords

Pest risk Analysis Phytosanitary Risk rating guidelines Conogethes 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Interaction and discussion with cardamom traders and wholesale dealers in Mudigere, Sakaleshpur, Madikeri and Calicut helped form opinions which were important for writing this chapter. Authors are thankful to authorities of the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana and Spice board, Calicut, Kerala for the encouragement and help. Authors are also thankful to the scientist in charge and Dr. Rashmi, Plant Quarantine Station, Hebbal, Bengaluru.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. P. Mutturaj
    • 1
  • S. Subhash
    • 2
  • Sandeep Singh
    • 3
  • A. K. Chakravarthy
    • 4
  1. 1.College of HorticultureYalachahalli Horticulture Farm, Yelwala HobliMysoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural EntomologyUniversity of Agricultural Sciences, Gandhi Krishi Vignan Kendra (GKVK)BengaluruIndia
  3. 3.Department of Fruit SciencePunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  4. 4.Division of Entomology and NematologyICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBengaluruIndia

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