Bio-ecology, Damage Potential and Management of Conogethes punctiferalis Guenee in Plantation Crops

  • M. Alagar


The shoot and fruit borer Conogethes punctiferalis is emerging as a major pest of cocoa in South Karnataka, South India: an average 2–2.5% infestation on cocoa pods was recorded in 2013, and an average 30–40% pod infestation, in 2016. The crambid moth completes its life cycle on cocoa over a mean of 24 days. Increased space between plants, fruit thinning, balanced nutrition, clean cultivation, timely harvests, encouragement of natural enemies and destruction of borer-affected pods helped to reduce the pod infestation. Concerted efforts to use pheromone technology and biopesticides are in progress to suppress borers .


Biopesticides Cocoa Gut proteases South India 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Alagar
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-Krish Vigyan KendraNagapattinamIndia

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