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Bioecology and Management of Fruit and Shoot Borer, Conogethes punctiferalis Guenée (Crambidae: Lepidoptera), on Fruit Crops in Central India

  • S. GundappaEmail author
  • H. Khader Khan
  • A. K. Chakravarthy
Chapter

Abstract

The shoot and fruit borer, Conogethes punctiferalis (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), is a serious insect pest widely distributed in Asia. Phenology and chemical constituents together with weather conditions and habitat features influenced borer damage. The borer has been found feeding on temperate, tropical, and subtropical fruit crops. Integrated approach embracing field sanitation, pruning trees, scraping tree bark, thinning fruits, and avoiding insecticidal applications enhance the activities of natural enemies and subsequently reduce the borer population without inimical effects on the nontarget organisms and the environment.

Keywords

Bioecology Conogethes Managements Tropical fruits 

Notes

Acknowledgment

Authors are thankful to the director, ICAR-Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, and ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Gundappa
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. Khader Khan
    • 2
  • A. K. Chakravarthy
    • 3
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Institute for Subtropical HorticultureLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural EntomologyUniversity of Agricultural Sciences, Gandhi Krishi Vignan Kendra (GKVK)BengaluruIndia
  3. 3.Division of Entomology and NematologyICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR)BengaluruIndia

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